INSTRUCTION OF THE PREVIOUS ACARYAS
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura...wanted to reestablish daiva-varnasrama. In daiva-varnasrama there cannot be acknowledgment of social status according to birthright because in Bhagavad-gita it is said that the determining considerations are guna and karma, one's qualities and work. It is this daiva-varnasrama that should be established all over the world to continue a perfect society for Krsna consciousness. This may be astonishing to foolish critics, but it is one of the functions of a Krsna conscious society.
- SB 5.1.24 PURPORT
...Om Visnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya Astottara-sata Srimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Maharaja Prabhupada. He was creating more brahmacaris and sannyasis for preaching work, but I am creating more grhasthas (applause), because in Europe and America the boys and girls intermingle so quickly and intimately that it is very difficult to keep one brahmacari. So there is no need of artificial brahmacaris. It is sanctioned. My Guru Maharaja wanted to establish daiva-varnasrama. So married life is called grhastha-asrama. It is as good as sannyasa-asrama.
...As far as we are concerned, we are trying to establish daiva-varnasrama, as it is instructed by the Gosvamis, by Hari-bhakti-vilasa, by our spiritual master. May not be very perfect, but we are trying our best to introduce this daiva-varnasrama.
- Bg 7.3 LECTURE
Bombay 29 March 1971
Krsna says, catur-varnyam maya srstam [bg. 4.13]. My Guru Maharaja also wanted to establish daiva-varnasrama. Yes.
- SB 5.5.29 LECTURE
Vrndavana 16 November 1976
Daiva-varnasrama. My Guru Maharaja wanted this that there be regular varnasrama, qualified.
- Morning Walk
Los Angeles 8 December 1973
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura: Varnasrama and Vaidhi-Bhakti:
sadhana-kale ye paryanta
hrdaya kama ache
se paryanta varnasramadi
dharmera apeksa thake
At the time of practicing sadhana-bhakti, so long as there is material desire within the heart, one should remain within the confines of the varnasrama system.
The relationship between the aforementioned varnasrama-dharma and vaidhi-bhakti ought to be examined. The question is, is the varnasrama institution negated, or should it be abandoned when one takes to the process of bhakti, or should the rules and regulations of varnasrama be followed in order to properly cultivate vaidhi-bhakti?
As we have said, the main reason for the cultivation of varnasrama a is that maintaining the body in good health, improving the faculty of the mind, promoting social well-being, and learning the science of the Self are all conducive to the practice of pure devotional service.
Who can deny the necessity of the varnasrama institution as long as the living being is bound up in the human body? If it is abandoned, and the above-mentioned four principles are lacking, the jiva will go astray and no good whatsoever will accrue to him. One should, therefore, strictly adhere to the rules governing varnasrama for the sake of the mind, society, and one's advancement in Krsna consciousness.
But the observance of varnasrama-dharma is not the sole business of the jiva. Therefore, with the assistance of varnasrama-dharma, one must cultivate pure devotional service. The purpose of the varnasrama institution is to facilitate the practice of devotional service.
The question may arise that since the practice of varnasrama is a dilatory affair, what will one's duty be if a conflict arises with one's devotional practice? The answer is that if one does not maintain and nourish the healthy condition of the body, mind, society, and the pursuit of self-realization, how will it be possible to cultivate the higher endeavor, devotional service? If, abandoning the varnasrama a institution, one acts independently, then the demands of the body and mind will cause one to become intoxicated with material desire and no sign of devotion will manifest itself. (First vrsti, sixth dhara.)
There should be a thorough overhauling of the social system, and society should revert to the Vedic principles, that is, the four varnas and the four asramas.
- SB 4.29.54 PURPORT
In the Kali-yuga everyone is sudra. What he'll fight? Fighting is not the business of a sudra. It is meant for the ksatriya. And nobody is being trained as ksatriya or brahmana. Everyone is being trained as sudra or utmost vaisya, how to make money. That's all. One class of men is being trained how to serve and get some money, another class is being trained how to make money by exploitation. That is capitalist and communist. The communists are the sudras. They are protesting that "You are exploiting us and getting money. It must stop." That is Communism. Is it not? And the vaisyas, they are trying to exploit others. Some way or other bring money. So there are these capitalists and sudra and vaisya. There is no ksatriya, there is no brahmana. Therefore the whole social structure is lost. So we are trying to create some brahmanas. And people if follow our instruction then whole social structure is again revived. Hare Krsna. So we have got very serious mission.
- Room Conversation
London 15 August 1971
Generally, we understand, vaisya means the mercantile class of men. No. At the present moment the so-called vaisyas are sudras, less than sudras. Why? Now the vaisya's business is krsi-go-raksya-vanijyam vaisya-karma svabhava-jam [bg. 18.44]. The vaisyas must be engaged in producing foodgrains, but they are not interested. They are interested for opening factories for bolts and nuts and tires, Goodwheel tires, Goodyear tires. Now you eat tire and bolt nut. No, you cannot eat. You have to eat rice, and rice is ten rupees per kilo. That's all. Because no vaisya is producing food grains. This is the defect.
They don't see the defect. They're simply howling, bawling, "Oh, it has increased price". Why not, increased, price? There are millions of people in Bombay city. Who is producing food grain? But they are known as vaisya. What kind of vaisya? There is no brahminical culture; there is no brain. There is no ksatriya who can give you protection. There are so many defects.
So if you want to remodel your life, the society, the human society, nationally or internationally-everything is spoken here, international-then you have to take to the advice of Krsna. This is the purpose of Krsna consciousness movement: wholesale, thorough, overhauling of the human society. We have not manufactured anything, concocted things. It is very scientific. If you actually want to fulfill the mission of your life, then you have to take to this advice of Bhagavad-gita, very scientific and spoken by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, without any defects.
- Bg 4.13 LECTURE
Bombay 2 April 1974
Practically attract. Practically attract. The Hare Krsna movement will practically attract the people. If the world affairs are adjusted according to our Krsna conscious plan, there will be no difficulty for all the nations, all the countries. They will be happy. So we have to educate people gradually. And by our example, living example, we'll have to attract.
- Morning Walk
Vrndavana 15 March 1974
Everything should be systematic otherwise there will be chaos. There will be chaos. Nobody will be happy... That is described in the Bhagavad-gita, naraka eva kalpate: the whole world will be hell. That has become now. The whole world has now become hell. So the Krsna consciousness movement is very important movement. It is overhauling the whole human, social, political, religious...
- SB 1.15.25-26 LECTURE
Los Angeles 4 December 1973
How there can be any peace? It is not possible. There is no brahmana, no ksatriya, maybe a few vaisyas only. They are also half-reformed. And European culture, that is canòala culture, yavana culture. There is no reformation, no brahmana, no ksatriya, no vaisyas, simply sudras and canòalas mostly canòalas. So Krsna consciousness movement is means for thoroughly overhauling the whole human society.
- Morning Walk
Ahmedabad 25 September 1975
So all over the world. It is not only in India-all over the world. There cannot be peace unless you reform the whole social structure, and that can be done only by this movement, Krsna consciousness. Only by this movement.
- SB 6.1.56-62
Surat 3 January 1971 (Adubhai Patel's House)
In the material life there must be division of activities. That is accepted in the Bhagavad gita [bg 4.13] as
catur varnyam maya srstam
guna karma vibhagasah
tasya kartaram api mam
viddhy akartaram avyayam
So in the beginning if we start a varnasrama college to teach internation ally students from all over the world to learn to be educated as brahmanas, as Ksatriyas, as vaisyas, as sudras, by quality and work, that will be the basic principle of Krishna Consciousness.
...If you kindly consider on this point and the varnasrama college is started, I am sure the chaotic condition of human society will be completely settled up.
- Letter to: Tarun Kanti Ghosh Babu
New Delhi 11 March 1974
The politician's business will be to exploit the poor citizens. And they will be embarrassed and harassed so much: by one side, no sufficient rain, and therefore scarcity of food, and the other side, taxation by the government. In this way, the people will be so much harassed that they'll give up their home and go to the forest. Very [pitiful]... Unless they take to Krsna consciousness, they'll not be saved. The varnasrama college has to be established immediately. Everywhere, wherever we have got our center, a varnasrama college should be established to train four divisions: one class, brahmana; one class, ksatriya; one class, vaisya; and one class, sudra. But everyone will be elevated to the spiritual platform by the spiritual activities which we have prescribed. There is no inconvenience, even for the sudras
...So everywhere, in each center, this system should be introduced, and there must be practical application of the varnasrama. At the same time, this program of devotional service. Then it will go on very nicely.
...But if you show that you are actually doing something ideal, then they will appreciate. Make a small unit of community and show ideal life, not idle life. Ideal life.
- Morning Walk
Vrndavana 12 March 1974
So this is position. Therefore, because we are Krsna conscious, we are servants of God, therefore it is our duty to save this human civilization. You see. Krsna wants it. And to save this human civilization, these two classes are required very urgently. So you American boys and girls, you are intelligent, you have got all facilities. At least in your country, create these two classes, brahmana and ksatriya. The world will be saved, and you will be saved, and Krsna will be pleased.
- SB 1.2.14 LECTURE
Los Angeles 17 August 1972
The other day I was suggesting the governor that "Open varnasrama college." As we are training a medical practitioner and an engineer or any particular type of line, similarly, there must be training school and college where a person or a boy may be educated as a brahmana or as a ksatriya.
- SB 1.7.7 LECTURE
Vrndavana 24 April 1975
But Krsna's grace, Caitanya Mahaprabhu's grace, they are being now trained up. Now you be trained up and revise the whole edition of the western civilization, especially in America. Then a new chapter will come in. This is the program. Therefore varnasrama school required.
- Morning Walk "Varnasrama College"
Vrndavana 14 March 1974
One politician, minister in Calcutta, he came to see me, I was talking. "Why there is chaotic condition?" And the simple reason is there is no this catur-varnya system is lost. Practically without any brahminical culture, ksatriya culture, people remain sudras, the fourth-class man. Or fifth-class men. So unless there are first-class men, second-class men, at least third-class men, only fourth-class, fifth-class, sixth-class men, how they can conduct. That is not possible. Therefore it is enjoined that catur-varnyam maya srstam [bg. 4.13]. This division of the society must be observed.
Educational institution, there should be, but the education.... Just like in a university, they have different departments: medical department, engineering department, or biological and so many, psychological, chemical, physical.... They have so many departments. But there is no department, brahminical, kshatriyacal, or vaisya, nothing.
- Bg 4.13 LECTURE
Bombay 2 April 1974
Prof. Pater Porsch: A kind of a university also.
Prabhupada: Oh, yes. Yes.
Prof. Pater Porsch: Like Indian and allied sciences, Vedic sciences.
Prabhupada: My idea is that all our centers should be self-supported. We do not like that idea that for your support you have to go 100 miles to get your bread. That is a very dangerous drawback. You produce your food locally and then support yourself.
- Room Conversation with Professor Durckheim
German Spiritual Writer
Germany 19 June 1974
I have also received the enclosed clipping from Ottawa and the information about the property. This property must be considered by the GBC if it can be properly utilized, it is nice, for Varna-asrama College and [dairy] farm. With 100 acres for cultivation you can make much production.
- Letter to: Jagadisa
Bombay 12 November 1974
Prabhupada: Our first problem is, because we have got this material body, eating. Everyone must eat. So Krsna says in the Bhagavad-gita: annad bhavanti bhutani: "If there is sufficient food grains, then both man and animal, they become happy." Therefore our first religion is to produce food grain sufficiently to feed everyone.
- Room Conversation with three Trappist Monks,
Psychologists from the University of Georgia,
and Atlanta Lawyer, Michael Green
Atlanta 1 March 1975
Prabhupada: ...It is recommended in the Bhagavad-gita, catur-varnyam maya srstam guna-karma-vibhagasah [bg. 4.13]. The gunas are there. Just like naturally one is taking education just to become a politician, one is taking education how to become a high character saintly person.
That natural inclination is already there, but that is not being properly harnessed. Therefore a regular educational institution should be there where proper training of brahmana, proper training of ksatriya, vaisya, must be given. These four divisions must remain there. And the, so far the brahminical culture, that must be there. Otherwise you cannot say that you become moralist. Where is the example of moralist? A section of person must be there, fully moralist. That ideal section is now lacking. Therefore, what I have written, that?
Brahmananda: "As there are different sections of educational institutions, there must be one institution how to train up perfect brahmanas with ideal characters as above mentioned in the Bhagavad-gita. If there is a section of people of ideal character, say 5 percent, the other 95 percent, by seeing their example, will follow. In other words, a section of the society must be of ideal character. That is essential."
Prabhupada: So therefore this varnasrama college is very essential.
...So in our India, in a place like Vrndavana, Naimisaranya, like that, many people will come, if varnasrama college is established.
- Conversation with Governor
Vrndavana 20 April 1975
Justin Murphy: ...You're saying that we don't have the first class of man.
Prabhupada: So you create...By education you create.
Justin Murphy: Fine. But how...
Prabhupada: They have to be trained. Just like you have been trained up as geographer; similarly, a certain man can be trained up as first-class man by education.
Justin Murphy: But trained by others or trained by themselves?
Prabhupada: No, there must be institution.
Justin Murphy: But surely training by oneself. But training by oneself, such as for example an Albert Einstein or a Bertrand Russell...
Prabhupada: No, no, no, no, no, no. By teacher. You have become geographer not by yourself.
- Room Conversation with Justin Murphy (Geographer)
Perth 14 May 1975
So immediately to solve all the problems like this is to start an institution to train four classes of men. Begin it.
- Room Conversation with of Research of the Dept. of Social Welfare
Melbourne 21 May 1975
So these two important things took place in the Kuruksetra. So we must have a very big temple there, and a varnasrama college. This is my desire. Krsna's direct instruction, Bhagavad-gita. It should be a historical... It is historical. People should come here as the most important historical place. And Gita is well known all over the world. And Gita begins with the word dharma-ksetre kuru-ksetre [bg. 1.1]. So Kuruksetra, in that sense very important.
- Arrival Conversation
Los Angeles 20 June 1975
Krsna says, "I have made this varnasrama for the benefit of the whole human society, although I don't belong to any varna, asrama." Krsna has nothing to do, but to maintain the human society very peaceful, advancing in spiritual knowledge, this varnasrama is required. Therefore sometimes I become very eager to start a varnasrama college. We have nothing to do with varnasrama, we Krsna..., But we want to see that the whole human society is peaceful. That is our mission. Sarve sukhino bhavantu.
- SB 6.1.12 LECTURE
Los Angeles 25 June 1975
Regarding the Jayapur land, yes it is situated in an important place, a good locality although a little deserted... I also want to open the Varna Ashrama College there as there is sufficient land.
- Letter to: Tejiyas
Philadelphia 13 July 1975
There is no question of Eastern, Western. Now people are intermingling. Now I think that we shall have institution, especially in America, to train these first class, second class, third class, and the balance fourth class.
- Conversation with Clergymen
Detroit 15 June 1976
So we are stressing on the point of education. You educate certain section as brahmana, certain section as ksatriya, certain section as vaisya. In that education we don't discriminate because he's coming of a sudra family. Take education. Be qualified.
- Room Conversation
Varnasrama System Must Be Introduced
Mayapura 14 February 1977
So this Krsna consciousness movement is trying to reestablish daiva-varn asrama, where brahmana, ksatriya, vaisya, sudra, everyone. Systematic. We are, therefore, proposing to start a college, varnasrama college. It is proposed... We are trying so many things, but this is also one of the programs, that the people of the world, they should be educated according to the quality and work: brahmana, ksatriya, vaisya, sudra.
- Bg 7.1 LECTURE
Bhubaneshwar 22 January 1977
Simply enforcing laws and ordinances cannot make the citizens obedient and lawful. That is impossible. Throughout the entire world there are so many states, legislative assemblies and parliaments, but still the citizens are rogues and thieves. Good citizenship, therefore, cannot be enforced; the citizens must be trained. As there are schools and colleges to train students to become chemical engineers, lawyers or specialists in many other departments of knowledge, there must be schools and colleges to train students to become brahmanas, ksatriyas, vaisyas, sudras, brahma caris, grhasthas, vanaprasthas and sannyasis. This will provide the preliminary condition for good citizenship (varnasrama-gunan-vitah).
- SB 9.10.50 PURPORT
This is the secret of success. After being initiated and receiving the orders of the spiritual master, the disciple should unhesitatingly think about the instructions or orders of the spiritual master and should not allow himself to be disturbed by anything else. This is also the verdict of Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura, who, while explaining a verse of Bhagavad-gita (vyavasayatmika buddhir ekeha kuru-nandana, Bg. 2.41), points out that the order of the spiritual master is the life substance of the disciple. The disciple should not consider whether he is going back home, back to Godhead; his first business should be to execute the order of his spiritual master. Thus a disciple should always meditate on the order of the spiritual master, and that is perfectional meditation. Not only should he meditate upon that order, but he should find out the means by which he can perfectly worship and execute it.
- SB 4.24.15 PURPORT
One should not deviate from or surpass the instructions of the spiritual master. One should not be simply intent on consulting books but should simultaneously execute the spiritual master's order (yathopadesam).
- SB 5.5.14 PURPORT
Srila Prabhupada was most enlivened to hear the report of New Govardhana Farm. His Divine Grace in the last month or so has been stressing the importance of these farm projects, and said, "This is the next aspect of Krsna consciousness which I wish to push forward. If I am able to travel again, then I shall visit the farms and make them perfect. On these farms we can demonstrate the full varnasrama system. If these farms become successful then the whole world will be enveloped by Krsna consciousness.
"From your letter I can understand how nice this farm is. I am very happy to see fresh vegetables, fresh fruits, grains, the devotees taking sumptuous prasadam and chanting Hare Krsna. This is the actual meaning of human life. It is a very good farm, from your letter I can understand. Whatever you build, get the building materials locally. If you can manufacture tiles locally, then your house problem is solved. Build up bamboo frame, and on it place tiles. In any event get everything locally. I wish to make a farm tour and then I shall surely visit your farm."
I suggested to Srila Prabhupada that he was the Farm Acarya, but Srila Prabhupada said, "Krsna is the Farm Acarya. Baladeva is holding a plow, and Krsna is holding the calf. Krsna advised Nanda Maharaja not to perform Indra puja but to worship the land, Govardhana because it was supplying all foodstuffs for the residents of Vrndavana and the cows as well." So Srila Prabhupada wants you to develop this farm very nicely as it will be the future program to present to the world as the ideal of Krsna consciousness. In the cities, we are interested for preaching but we cannot present the ideal varnasrama system, this is only possible at the farms, so they are very important.
- Letter from Tamal Krsna Goswami, Secretary to Srila Prabhupada
to Hari Sauri dasa, ISKCON Melbourne,
10 August 1977 (sent from Krsna Balarama Mandir, Vrndavana)
Abhirama dasa: "I was personally present on two occasions when Srila Prabhupada spoke about how important establishing varnasrama was to him. Both times were in the summer of 1977, in Prabhupada's room in Vrndavana, before he left to go to London. At the time, Tamala Krsna Goswami was Srila Prabhupada's personal secretary, and I his assistant. I was also Prabhupada's nurse.
"The first time, several devotees were with Srila Prabhupada. We knew that his health was getting weaker. He was talking to the devotees about his imminent departure. 'I have no lamentation,' Prabhupada said. He paused for a few seconds, and then he said, 'No, I have one lamentation.' A devotee asked, 'Because you have not finished translating the Srimad Bhagavatam?' Prabhupada replied, 'No, that I have not established varnasrama.'
"On the next occasion, some time later, I was with Srila Prabhupada in his room when he made the statement, 'Fifty percent of my work is not complete because I have not established varnasrama.'"
- Telephone Interview with Abhirama dasa,
Vrndavana, India 18 February 1996,
(Interviewer: Hare Krsna dasi)
"We are about to embark on a new phase of our movement: varnasrama."
- Prabhupada to Jagadisa dasa,
who was taking Srila Prabhupada
to the train to Allahabad (January 1977)
"I was just discussing two years [1994?] ago with Nanda Kumara dasa in Arizona. He was telling me that Prabhupada personally told him that in our lifetime, we would see the establishment of the varnasrama-dharma."
- Bhakti-tirtha Swami
(June 1996, Gita-nagari Farm)