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Sri Sri Radhastami Celebrations!

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<font face="Georgia" color=mediumvioletred><blockquote><center>SRI RADHIKA’S ARROW-LIKE GLANCES


veNuH karAn nipatitaH skhalitaM zikhandaM

bhraStaM ca pItavasanaM vrajarAja sUnoH |

yastyAH kaTAkSa-zara ghAta vimUrcchitasya

tAM rAdhikAM paricarAmi kadA rasena || 39 ||</center>

“When can I blissfully worship that Radhika, whose arrow-like glances cause the prince of Vraja to faint, His yellow cloth to fall off, His crown to loosen and His flute to fall from His hand?”</blockquote>Just as a hero at war may faint and drops His bow and arrows while his crown falls off and his clothes become disarranged when he is hit by an arrow, so also Krishna, the transcendental youthful Cupid of Vrindavana, drops His flute while His peacock feather crown falls off and His yellow dhoti becomes disheveled when He is hit by Sri Radhika’s arrow-like glance. An ordinary hero may slay hundreds of soldiers on the battlefield, but when a great hero (maha vira) strikes him with an arrow, then even the ordinary hero will faint. Similarly, Krishna can make hundreds of gopis faint with His glances, but when the great heroine Sri Radhika casts even one single arrow-like glance at Him, even He will faint!


Hundreds of gopis squirm like deer struck by arrows when they hear the song of Krishna’s flute, but when Radha casts one single glance at Krishna, that same flute will fall from His hand! That peacock feather, that is the unique hallmark of the Vraja-pastimes and that enchants all the beautiful girls of Vraja, rolls in the dust of Vraja, and that yellow cloth, that looks most beautiful like a steady lightning strike within a rain cloud (Krishna’s body), or like a golden line drawn by a whetstone, and that steals the pride of the beautiful girls of Vraja’s families, is now falling from Krishna’s waist when Radhika casts one powerful glance at Him! The force of love brings ecstasy to Sri Krishna! Sri Krishna, Who is the very form of transcendental bliss, has fainted from one single glance of Sri Radha, and Sripad is very upset with that! She tries to bring Him back to life in different ways, but to no avail! Finally Svamini desperately takes shelter of Her maidservant, saying: “O, I could not remove Priyatama’s swoon, why don’t you see what you can do?”


Now the rasika service of the rasika maidservant starts. In order to revive Nagara, the maidservant sings a sweet love song that Svamini once taught her in a cave of Govardhana Hill. After the maidservant brought Syama back to consciousness in this way, the sweet pastimes of the divine Couple begin. How blissful that makes our rasika paricarika (maidservant)! After these love-pastimes the maidservant fans the divine Couple and serves Them cold water, betel leaves and flower garlands.</font>

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<center>Posted Image




In Indian Song & Dance</big>


Her eyes are pink-tinged as if they have eaten a 'tamboola' and

her gem-encrusted 'tika' glows like a many-splendoured flame. She

is the fountainhead of happiness, at which even the Lord finds his

joy. Such is Radha - arguably the most famous woman in Indian

mythology, the most sung about, the most portrayed.


Who is she? How do the authors of mythological texts portray her?

As a goddess? As a woman with earthly qualities? Or as an admirable

mixture of the two? Some of the earliest references to her are found

in the Brahmavaivarta Purana. The most imaginative portrayal is

perhaps in the Vishnu Purana, which refers to the Lord's Leela and

gives her a form which is at once divine and human.


A The following verse from the Vishnu Purana refers to her as a

beautiful woman:


Ka-pi tena samayata kritapunya madalasa .. padani tasyaischaitani

ghananyalpatanuni cha (5.13.33)


Roughly translated, this verse describes her as a languid beauty,

with a graceful gait and feet that are small and beautiful.


The Padma Purana speaks of her as the "Adyaprakriti" -- the first

among the "Prakritis" of Vishnu, who is the "Purusha".


The Radha who figures in the literature, music, dance and art of

later years is, swathed in eroticism; she is the eternal lover who,

with single -minded purpose, walks the dark forests in the hope

of catching a glimpse of Krishna, and who finds her self-fulfillment

in total surrender.


The origin of this Radha can be traced to the many cults which

flourished in the later centuries -- all centred on Krishna, and all

regarding love as the finest way to achieve divinity. The

Madhurabhakti cult, for instance, considers a devotee's relationship

with his god as that between two lovers. Krishna, the dark-skinned,

flute-playing, magical lover is the male archetype for the followers

of this cult and the beautiful Radha is the female archetype. To them

she is love incarnate, the quintessence of all the romance that the

human heart is capable of dreaming of, and the symbol of the most

sublimated form of devotion.


It is not surprising that many poets, painters, dancers and singers

over the centuries have regarded her as their special deity and

painted her and Krishna with all the colours of their dreams and



The finest products of the Krishna-Radha cult, which had its home

chiefly in eastern, upper and central India, are some poetic and

prose compositions in Sanskrit. Written in the 11th and 12th

centuries, they were responsible for its spread to other parts of the



The Geeta Govinda of Jayadeva, a work of great lyrical beauty,

written during the reign of Lakshmanasena of Bengal, bears traces of

the influence of the Kamasutra. It is with this poem that Radha

emerges as the supreme nayika.


Since Jayadeva lived and wrote his immortal classic in Orissa, it

was befitting that the Geeta Govinda should find pride of place

in the repertoire of Odissi dancers in the Jagannatha temple at

Puri, a great centre of Vaishnavism in those days.


The sakhibhava aspect of Vaishnavism enhances the appeal the poem,

for it shows Krishna as the supreme god and the devotees, male or

female, as his consorts. In Orissa, the gotipus, or male dancers,

dress as females and enact excerpts from the Geeta Govinda to this



How does Jayadeva visualise Radha? She is dejected at Krishna's

dalliance with other women and is then wooed back by a subdued lover.

He pictures her as a sensual woman with a body that arouses amorous

longings in Krishna. He speaks of her as one whose "limbs are tender

as the flowers of spring,who is consumed by the fever of love,"

"who, blinded by love, seeks Krishna in whatever she sees".


She is a woman with curly black tresses, with lips like the bimba

fruit, with moist eyes, and a fragrant lotus-pink mouth. Her face is

round and "softly lustrous as the moon".


There is some evidence to show that Jayadeva, who was himself a

Natyacharya, wrote his poem for dancers. His own wife, Padma-vati,

is said to have been one of the first to translate the Geeta Govinda

into dance. The ashtapadis (compositions) are set to definite ragas

(melodies) and talas (rhythms), which suggests that they were meant

for singing or as accompaniments to dancing. There are at least

two manuscripts of the poem -- both in the Saraswati Mahal Library

at Tanjore in south India -- in Sanskrit, where abhinaya for its

17 ashtapadis is clearly delineated.


Jayadeva presents Radha in the form of seven nayikas, namely:

Abhisarika, Khandita, Vipralabdha, Virahotkantitha, Vasakasajja,

Kalahantarita and Swadhinapatika. She is not Prostitapatika, since

her lover is never abroad or away throughout the duration of the



The 'Krishna Geeti' by Manaveda, one of the Zamorins of Calicut,

was inspired by the theme of Geeta Govinda. It is a known fact that

the classical dance form of Kerala, Kathakali, developed from



The spirit of the Geeta Govinda influenced painting, poetry and

dancing wherever Vaishnavism spread. In Andhra it was popularised

through the work of Narahari. Beginning with the 16th century, when

Tansen gave a new impetus to the tradition of Hindustani music,

court musicians began to travel around and receive patronage at

the princely courts in and around the region which is known as Braj

--Agra, Mathura and Bharatpur. Here, the folklore was replete with

legends of the loves of Krishna and Radha. Many musicians, Muslims

and Hindus, were captivated by these and wrote and sang about the

amours of Krishna and Radha.


Here is a composition in; the raga Abhogi which treats her as a



Jayati shri Radhike, sakal sadhike ..

Taruni mani, nitya nautran kishori..


This composition hails Radha as the giver of happiness, as a jewel

among women, an ever-youthful beauty who waits like the legendary

chataka bird for the blue-faced Krishna and who is as beautiful

as a moonbeam resting upon a drift of snow.


In other compositions, invariably in the language of that

region,Brajabhasha, musicians see in her all the traditional nayikas.

For instance, in a composition in the raga Khamaj, she is the

submissive, fun-loving woman who pleads with Krishna to forget his

quarrel with her and participate in the holi dance. Then tired of

pleading, she threatens that she will never play the raas with him:


Abahon faga khelon nahi

tumse.. Are Kanha, jo bhai so bhai ri.


In a composition in an old raga -- Gandhaar -- she is very

picturesquely described as the Virahotkantitha :


"Kahiyo Udho tum jo neha beeja bo..

Gavan kino Madho, biraha lago Radhake mana.. "


(Oh Uddhav, tell Madhava that after sowing the seed of love, he

has gone away and Radha is very lonely without him. Her starlike

eyes are now like deep sunken wells and bear the weight of tears

with great difficult. Her thick lashes shower tears of agony.)


As an abhisarika, she goes to the banks of the Yamuna looking for

Krishna and the composer warns her (raga Bhairavi):


"Akeli mata Jaiyo Radha Jumna ke teer"

(Do not go alone to the banks of the Jumna, oh Radha..)


There are times when the composer visualises her tryst with Krishna

and then teases her (raga Ramkali) :


"Aaj Radhe tore badanpar..

Shyam mile ki chori re.."


(The marks of Shyam's love-making are visible on your body, oh Radha.

Your errant lips and your eyes, intoxicated with love, show that

you are dancing with joy after your tryst with your beloved.)


She is sometimes a sorceress (raga Jai-jaiwanti) : "The hori today

was wonderful," says the composer, "and Krishna has come home in

joy. But the people of Gokul say that Radha has cast her evil eye

upon him. A black mark should be put upon his cheek to ward off the



But on a higher plane, even the uneducated musicians see the

relationship of Radha with Krishna in its true light and they sing of

their eternal oneness. Says a thumri in the raga Piloo :


Tum Radhe bano Shyam..

sab dekhengi Brijbham..


("Become Radha yourself, oh Shyam. Let all the women of Braj look

upon you as Radha. You have never heeded my words, but this once,

do as I beg of you. If you become Radha, then we shall dance as

never before, and no one will know that you are Ghanshyam.")


To sum up, Radha, to most Indian dancers, poets, musicians and

painters, is the devotee who achieves divinity through an involvement

born of love rather than through the powers of her intellect.


As Randhawa and Galbraith point out in their book ' Indian Painting',


"Eastern philosophy seeks god through feeling. Those who seek him

in the sterile sands of intellectuality seek him in vain. Nor is

mere brilliance of intellect highly regarded; emotion is the key

to the realisation of God..Poetry and music have refinement as

their aim. Divine love is the sublimation of sexual love. It is

the music of the human soul..its most vivid expression is in and

through sexual union. This gilds the vision, lends enchantment even

to prosaic persons.."


Source: originally posted at the website of





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<center>A few enchanting divine love verses from:

<big>Vrindavana Mahima-amrita</big>

by the Rasik Saint Sri Prabodhananda Saraswati




<font color="blue"><big>51 Sometimes, as a dark cloud with lightning,

overcome with amorous desire, Lord Hari plays

with His beloved on His chest. Sometimes,

as a handsome tamala tree by a new golden vine,

Lord Hari is embraced by a splendid golden form.</font>


<font color="red">52 With Her plantain-tree arm,

its hairs erect with wild passion,

She sometimes embraces Her beloved's neck,

her hairs also erect. Sometimes She places

her lover's aguru scented arm around Her neck.

Sometimes She places His lotus hand over Her heart.</font>


<font color="darkred">53 Tossed by waves of amorous desire,

She sometimes pulls Her beloved on

the pretext of seeing the forest's beauty.

Sometimes, pretending that She yearns to

smell the lotus of His face, again and again

She kisses the smiling lotus mouth that

brings enchantment from the flute.</font>


<font color="navy">54 With her left lotus hand She tilts

Lord Hari's peacock-feather crown and

with Her right hand She touches

His enchanting chin and handsome cheeks

where the hairs stand erect.

With many passionate kisses

she extracts the nectar from His lips.</font>


Posted Image



<font color="red">55 Sometimes She decorates Lord

Madanamohana with Her own ornaments.

Sometimes he happily decorates Her with His ornaments.

Sometimes He anoints His beloved with His own fragrant powders.

Sometimes She anoints Him with the kunkuma and

other fragrant powders on Her breasts.</font>


<font color="blue">56 Sometimes She takes the garland

from Lord Hari's neck

and places it on Her own neck.

Sometimes She takes the garland

from her neck and

places it on His neck.

Sometimes she scolds Him.

Sometimes She offers prayers of love.

Sometimes She is angry. Sometimes,

Her heart filled with deep thoughts,

She glorifies Him.</font>


<font color="maroon">57 Sometimes, tormented

by desire, She weeps.

Leaving Her friends, She goes

to the forest to be alone.

With hints from Her eyes and

the movements of Her fingers,

She points Her beloved

to the cottage of vines

where She will come to His side.</font>


<font color="navy">58 In the sweet forest by the Yamuna's shore

I meditate on King Vrsabhanu's daughter

who, in the company of the young gopis,

who are an ocean of beauty where

the beauty of the goddess of fortune and

all other beautiful girls is rarely a single drop,

is like a beautiful crescent moon

among a host of wonderful stars.</font>


<font color="red">59 All glories to my queen,

who is a flooding ocean of

the sweetness of transcendental

amorous pastimes,

whose limbs are more splendid

than a host of glittering golden

campaka flowers,

who is a glittering ornament on

Lord Madanamohana's chest and

whose youthfulness has just begun to sprout.</font>


<font color="blue">60 Conquering He who is all handsome,

who is splendid as dark clouds and

blue lotuses beginning to bloom,

who is a treasure-house of noble pastimes,

who is young and charming, and

whose form is filled with the nectar of

amorous love, and placing Him at Her feet,

Sri Radhika enjoys pastimes in the forest.</font>


<font color="darkred">61 All glories to my queen,

who at every moment is the most

learned in the arts of wonderful

transcendental amorous pastimes,

whose form is at every step flooded

with wonderful splendour,

who is an eternal awe-filled

ocean of passionate love for Lord Krishna,

and whose virtues have no equal.</font>


<font color="navy">62 Meditate on Sri Radha's young Vraja maidservants,

whose hearts rejoice in the waves of their queen's

every splendid meaningful, and sweet gesture,

who are the most expert and talented of all artists, and

whose beautiful limbs, with hairs standing erect,

are tossed to and fro out of great love.</font>


<font color="red">63 I meditate on the circle of Sri Varsabhanavi's maidservants,

who are busy in the transcendental amorous pastimes ocean

filled with eternal, limitless, nectar waves of pure love,

who have Lalita as their leader, and

who celebrate a festival of giving good advice

to their dear friend.</font>


<font color="blue">64 O goddess Lakshmi,

renounce your shining palace

filled with the nectar of bliss

and hosts of blue lotuses and humming bees,

and with great love find happiness in

Sri Radhika's sweet madhavi-vine palace

beautiful with the opulence of

passionate love for Lord Madanamohana.</font></big>


source: http://www.indiadivine.com/vrindavana-mahimamrita-shataka16.htm



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