Well Folks It Looks Like This Right Wing Think Tank Has Confirmed What Many Americans Have Suspected:
Richard M Nixon Was The Last Republican President To Have AN IQ Above MILDLY RETARD.
It's Really Too Bad Dan Quayle Never Made It to President.
Then Dubya Jr. Would Not Have Been Very Last
7-10-01 12:32 PM CST
Contributors: Cristina L. Borenstein, Lana Taamar
Report: President Bush Has Lowest IQ of all Presidents of past 50 Years
If late night TV comedy is an indicator, then there
has never been as widespread a perception that a
president is not intellectually qualified for the
position he holds as there is with President GW Bush.
In a report published Monday, the Lovenstein Institute
of Scranton, Pennsylvania detailed its findings of a
four month study of the intelligence quotient of
President George W. Bush. Since 1973, the Lovenstein
Institute has published it's research to the education
community on each new president, which includes the
famous "IQ" report among others.
According to statements in the report, there have been
twelve presidents over the past 50 years, from F. D.
Roosevelt to G. W. Bush who were all rated based on
scholarly achievements, writings that they alone
produced without aid of staff, their ability to speak
with clarity, and several other psychological factors
which were then scored in the Swanson/Crain system of intelligence ranking.
The study determined the following IQs of each president as accurate to within five percentage points:
147 Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)
132 Harry Truman (D)
122 Dwight D. Eisenhower ®
174 John F. Kennedy (D)
126 Lyndon B. Johnson (D)
155 Richard M. Nixon ®
121 Gerald Ford ®
175 James E. Carter (D)
105 Ronald Reagan ®
098 George HW Bush ®
182 William J. Clinton (D)
091 George W. Bush ®
The six Republican presidents of the past 50 years had
an average IQ of 115.5, with President Nixon having
the highest IQ, at 155.
President G. W. Bush was rated the lowest of all the
Republicans with an IQ
of 91. The six Democrat presidents had IQs with an
average of 156, with
President Clinton having the highest IQ, at 182.
President Lyndon B.
Johnson was rated the lowest of all the Democrats with
an IQ of 126.
No president other than Carter (D) has released his
actual IQ, 176.
Among comments made concerning the specific testing of
President GW Bush, his low ratings were due to his
apparent difficulty to command the English language in
public statements, his limited use of vocabulary
(6,500 words for Bush versus an average of 11,000
words for other presidents), his lack of scholarly
achievements other than a basic MBA, and an absence of
any body of work which could be studied on an
intellectual basis. The complete report documents the
methods and procedures used to arrive at these
ratings, including depth of sentence structure and
voice stress confidence analysis.
"All the Presidents prior to George W. Bush had a
least one book under their belt, and most had written
several white papers during their education or early
careers. Not so with President Bush," Dr. Lovenstein
said. "He has no published works or writings, so in
many ways that made it more difficult to arrive at an
assessment. We had to rely more heavily on transcripts
of his unscripted public speaking."
The Lovenstein Institute of Scranton Pennsylvania
think tank includes high caliber historians,
psychiatrists, sociologists, scientists in human
behavior, and psychologists. Among their ranks are Dr.
Werner R. Lovenstein, world-renowned sociologist, and
Professor Patricia F. Dilliams, a world-respected
This study was commissioned on February 13, 2001 and
released on July 9, 2001 to subscribing member
universities and organizations within the education
The Betrayal of America
On December 12, 2000, 5 Republicans on the Supreme Court nullified 105
million votes to declare George W. Bush as President. Vincent Bugliosi
takes his place in the pantheon of patriots with his powerful,
brilliant, and courageous expose of a crime committed by the highest court in
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