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  1. League Of Devotees




    Krsna's three energies

    The three kinds of creation

    The nine kinds of creation

    Visarga; recreation - creations of Brahma

    The creations of the Kumaras and others

    The species of life

    The four categories of the universal annihilation




    Krsna's three energies


    visnu saktih para prokta

    ksetra-jnakhya tatha para

    avidya-karma samjnanya

    trtiya saktir isyate

    "The Supreme Lord has diverse and innumerable energies which are beyond our conception; however, great learned sages or liberated souls have studied these energies and have analyzed them into three parts. All of the energies are of visnu-sakti, that is to say they are different potencies of Lord Visnu. The first energy is para, transcendental. Living entities also belong to the superior energy. The other energies, or material energies, are in the mode of ignorance." (Visnu Purana 6.7.61)

    1) Antaranga sakti - internal potency (Yoga-maya)

    sat - samvit - eternal potencycit - sandhini - knowledge potencyananda - hladini - pleasure potency

    The spiritual energy is eternal, full of knowledge and bliss. It is transcendental and beyond all changes of material nature.

    2) Bahiranga sakti - external energy (Maha-maya) (BG 7.4)

    a) bhumih - earthb) apah - waterc) analah - fired) vayuh - aire) kham - etherf) manah - mindg) buddhih - intelligenceh) ahankara - false ego

    The external energy is the exact opposite and is therefore temporary, full of ignorance and misery. It is mundane and always changing.

    3) Tatastha sakti - marginal potency (living beings) (BG 7.5; 15.7)

    The marginal energy (jiva) also belongs to the spiritual energy, but because he has the independence to be either in the spiritual world or the material world, he is called marginal.

    Krsna is the saktimana or the source of all energy. (BG 7.6)

    The whole manifestation is the Lord himself by diffusion of His different energies only, namely the internal, external and marginal. Such energy is simultaneously one with and different from the Lord (acintya-bheda-abheda-tattva). (SB 2.9.27)

    The material world is also called Durga or jail. Just as the jail is for those people who break the laws of the government, this material world is created for those souls who do not like to accept Krsna's supremacy. Just as the purpose of the jail is to reform criminals, in the same way the purpose of creation is to reform the conditioned soul or to get rid of his criminal desire to use Krsna's property without Krsna. (SB 2.9.19 purport)

    The elementary creation of the sixteen items of matter

    1) earth2) water3) fire4) air5) ether

    1) nose2) tongue3) eyes4) skin5) ear6) mind

    1) smell2) taste3) sight4) touch5) sound

    The five gross elements, the five senses, the five sense objects and the mind make up the sixteen items of matter. The creation of these elementary manifestations is a result of the energies of Maha Visnu. All this is called creation or sarga.

    The interaction of the modes of nature is called visarga, recreation or secondary creation. The secondary creation is a result of the original ingredients and is performed by Brahma. (SB 2.10.3) After manifesting the universes from the pores of His skin, Maha Visnu expands as Garbhodakasayi Visnu and enters into each and every universe which is half filled with water made from the perspiration from His transcendental body. Because He is the Supreme Person or Nara and the water from His body is called Nara, because he lies on this water He is called Narayana. While lying on His bed of mystic slumber the Lord desired to manifest varieties of living entities from Himself alone.

    The Lord divides His potency into three divisions:

    1) Adhidaiva - controlling entities2) Adhiyatma - controlled entities3) Adhibhuta - material bodies or forms of matter

    SB 2.10.15-30:

    From the sky situated within the body of the manifesting Maha Visnu sense energy, mental force and bodily strength are all generated, as well as the sum total of the fountainhead of the total living force. (This explains how everything originally comes from Maha Visnu).

    When the total energy is in motion, all other entities move, and when the total energy stops endeavoring, all other living entities stop sensual activities. The individual entities are completely dependent on the total energy of the Lord, just as every electrical instrument depends of the power house.

    Being agitated by the virata purusa, the living force generated hunger and thirst and when He desired to eat and drink the mouth opened.

    From the mouth the palate became manifested as well as the tongue. After this all the different tastes came into existence. The controlling deity Varuna also became manifest along with the tongue.

    When the Supreme desired to speak, speeches were vibrated from the mouth. Then the controlling deity of speech Fire (Agni) was generated from the mouth.

    When the Supreme desired to smell odors, the nostrils and respiration were generated, the nasal instrument and odors also came into existence, and the controlling deity of air, carrying smell, also became manifested.

    When the Lord desired to see the eyes, the Sun, the power of vision and the object of sight all became manifested.

    Because of the desire of the great sages to know, the ears, the power of hearing, and the objects of hearing became manifested. The controlling deities of directions also became manifested.

    When there was a desire to perceive the physical characteristics of matter, the skin, the skin pores and hairs on the body as well as their controlling deities (the trees), were generated.

    When the supreme Person desired to work, the hands and their controlling deity Indra became manifested and acts dependent on the hands were also generated.

    Because of His desire to control movement the legs became manifested and the controlling deity Visnu was generated.

    Sexual pleasure and the genital organ along with the controlling deity Prajapati developed.

    When He desired to evacuate the refuse of eatables, the evacuating hole developed along with the controlling deity Mitra.

    When He desired to move from one body to another, the navel and the air of departure and death (apana vayu) were created.

    When He desired food and drink the abdomen, the intestines and arteries became manifest. The controlling deities, the rivers and the oceans, are the source of their sustenance and keep these organs healthy.

    When there was a desire to think about the activities of his potent energy, the heart, the mind, the moon, determination and desire all became manifested. The mind's activities begin only when the heart becomes manifested. The heart becomes manifested when the Supersoul desires to remind the soul of his past activities and to see His creation.

    The whole explanation and description given above is on the subject of the absolute dependence of the living entities and absolute independence of the Supreme Lord. Everything must first be desired by the Lord before the subordinate living entity can act upon it. The living entity can only see when the Lord sees, he can only smell when the Lord smells, etc.

    The Visvarupa, the gigantic universal form of the Lord, is not an eternal form. It is manifested after the ingredients of the material creation in each universe by Garbhodakasayi Visnu. (SB 3.6.4)

    The conception of the Visvarupa, the universal form is especially meant for the neophytes who cannot understand the transcendental form of the Lord. For them He manifests a material form or the universal form. (SB 1.3.3 purport)

    SB 2.5.22-24: After the incarnation of the first purusa (Karanodakasayi Visnu) the mahat-tattva (sum total of material energy) becomes manifested. Then time is generated and in course of time false ego appears and transforms into three qualities.

    1) Goodness - vaikarika ahankara 2) Passion - taijasa ahankara 3) Ignorance - tamasa ahankara

    Manifestations of false ego in ignorance

    SB 2.5.24-29:

    From the darkness of false ego five elements are generated.

    1) Sky becomes manifested first. Its subtle form is the quality of sound.

    2) Because sky is transformed air is generated with its subtle quality of touch. (It also contains the quality of sound).

    3) When air is transformed fire is generated with its subtle quality of shape or form. (Fire also contains the qualities of sound and touch).

    4) When fire is transformed water is generated with its subtle quality of taste. (Water also contains the qualities of sound, touch and form).

    5) When water is transformed earth is generated with its subtle quality of smell. (Earth also contains the qualities of sound, touch form and taste).

    Subtle element Gross element

    Sound is the subtle quality of skyTouch is the subtle quality of airForm is the subtle quality of fireTaste is the subtle quality of waterSmell is the subtle quality of earth

    Each of the elements evolve from subtle to gross. The evolving element has the quality of the previous element as well as its own. Hence the sky, the subtlest of the five gross elements has one quality. As the different elements evolve they have the qualities of the previous elements and so earth, the last element to manifest has all the qualities of all the elements. (SB 3.5.32-36)

    Sky - soundAir - sound, touchFire - sound, touch, formWater - sound, touch, form, tasteEarth - sound, touch, form, taste, smell

    The construction of the whole material world is prominently made by three elements, namely earth, water and fire. But the living force is produced by sky, air and water. So water is the common element in both the gross and subtle forms of the material creation. Water is the most prominent element and is therefore the principle element of all the five. (SB 2.10.31 purport)

    Manifestations of false ego in passion

    SB 2.5.31: From false ego in the mode of passion all of the sense organs are generated. There are two kinds of senses:

    Knowledge acquiring senses1) ears2) skin3) eyes4) tongue5) nose

    Working senses1) hands2) legs3) voice4) anus5) genitals

    The intelligence and the living energy are also generated.

    Manifestations of false ego in goodness

    SB 2.5.30: From false ego in the mode of goodness the mind is generated and becomes manifested. The ten demigods controlling bodily movements are also manifested.

    The five knowledge acquiring senses and their controlling deities:

    1) Ears - sense of hearing - controlling deities of directions2) Skin - sense of touch - controlling deity of air, Vayu3) Eyes - sense of sight - controlling deity the Sun god4) Tongue - sense of taste - controlling deity of water, Varuna5) Nose - sense of smell - controlling deity the Asvini Kumaras

    The five working senses and their controlling deities:

    1) Voice - Agni2) Hands - Indra, king of heaven3) Legs - Lord Visnu4) Anus - Mitra5) Genitals - Brahma

    Aniruddha - mind - Moon godPradyumna - intelligence - BrahmaSankarsana - false ego - Siva

    The sense of perception is of two kinds; touch and itching.

    The controlling deity of air in the body is called Anila. Anila also controls the sense of touch.

    The controlling deity of hairs on the body is called Osadhya. He also controls the itching sensation.

    The controlling deities of the trees control the hairs on the body.

    Vayu, the controller of air, controls smell because smell is carried by air.

    The controlling deities of the rivers control the nervous system.

    The ocean is considered to be the controlling deity of the abdomen.


    The three kinds of creation

    SB 2.10.46 purport:

    1. Mahakalpa: the creation of the sixteen elementary elements, which are all products of the false ego, created by Maha Visnu. (Maha Visnu creates the total material energy).

    2. Vikalpa: the creation of Brahma by Garbhodakasayi Visnu and the dispersion of the material elements. (Garbhodakasayi Visnu creates the diversities in each universe).

    3. Kalpa: the creation by Brahma in each day of his life after waking from his sleep.

    Lord Brahma's one day is called a kalpa, the creation of Brahma is called vikalpa and the creation of the total creation is called mahakalpa.

    In the Skanda Purana, Brahma's thirty days are mentioned:

    1) Sveta Varaha Kalpa 2) Nilalohita Kalpa 3) Vamadeva Kalpa 4) Gathantara Kalpa 5) Raurava Kalpa 6) Prana Kalpa 7) Brhat Kalpa 8) Kandarpa Kalpa9) Sadyata Kalpa 10) Isana Kalpa

    11) Dhyana Kalpa 12) Sarasvata Kalpa13) Udana Kalpa 14) Garuda Kalpa 15) Kaurma Kalpa16) Narasimha Kalpa17) Samadhi Kalpa18) Agneya Kalpa19) Visnuja Kalpa20) Saura Kalpa

    21) Soma Kalpa22) Bhavana Kalpa23) Supuma Kalpa24) Vaikuntha Kalpa25) Arcisa Kalpa26) Vali Kalpa27) Vairaja Kalpa28) Gauri Kalpa29) Mahesvara Kalpa30) Paitr Kalpa

    Each day of Brahma is a duration of one thousand divya yugas. A divya yuga comprises of one thousand of the four yugas. The same duration comprises his night.


    The nine kinds of creation

    SB 3.10.15-29:

    1) The first creation is of the Mahat-tattva (by Mahavisnu)

    In the first creation the modes of nature mix and give rise to false ego.

    2) False ego or identification of the body, along with the material ingredients, material knowledge and material activities arise (working senses and knowledge acquiring senses).

    3) The sense perceptions are created and from these the material elements are generated.

    i) sound - skyii) touch - airiii) sight - fireiv) taste - waterv) smell - earth

    4) The creation of knowledge and working capacity.

    5) The controlling deities become manifest by the interaction of the mode of goodness.

    6) The sixth creation is the ignorant darkness of the living entity, by which the master acts as a fool.

    7) The seventh creation is that of immovable living beings - plants and trees.

    8) The eight creation brings into existence animal species comprising twenty eight groups.

    9) The ninth creation gives rise to the human beings which belong to only one species. They are predominantly under the influence of passion. These last three creations as well as the tenth creation are called vaikrta creations and they are different from the previous creations called prakrta. Creation of Kumaras belongs to both. 10) There is also tenth creation, of demigods, who comprise eight species.


    Visarga; recreation - creations of Brahma

    SB 3.10.7-9: Sitting on top of the lotus, which was spread throughout the universe, Brahma contemplated on how to create all the planets. Brahma then entered in the whorl of the lotus and divided it into three divisions and then into fourteen divisions.

    The seeds of all the planets in the universe were impregnated in the lotus by the Supreme Lord. The material world and the living entities were already generated in seedling forms by the Lord and Brahma was to disseminate the seedlings all over the universe. (SB 3.10.7 purport)


    The creations of the Kumaras and others

    SB 3.12.2-57:

    Brahma first created the nescient engagements which are five in number.

    1) Self-deception - Moha2) The sense of death - Andha Tamisra3) Anger after frustration - Tamisra4) The sense of false ownership - Maha Moha5) Forgetfulness of one's real identity - Tamas

    Before creating the living entities in their different species of life, their living conditions were created by Brahma.

    Brahma then gave up his body and began a new term of creation.

    In the beginning Brahma created the four Kumaras; Sanaka, Sananda, Sanatana and Sanat Kumara.

    Brahma asked his four sons to generate progeny. The Kumaras declined, which made Brahma very angry. He tried to control his anger but it came out from between his eyebrows in the form of a child in a mixed colour of red and blue. The child was crying and was therefore called Rudra. He was given eleven places to reside. Rudra then began to increase the progeny of the universe with offspring resembling himself in every way. They attempted to devour the universe, which made Brahma very afraid. He told Rudra to go and perform penance and wait for the time of dissolution, when his services would be called upon.

    Brahma then created ten sons:

    1) Narada - born from Brahma's deliberation2) Vasistha - born from Brahma's breathing3) Daksa - born from Brahma's thumb4) Bhrgu - born from Brahma's touch5) Kratu - born from Brahma's hand6) Pulastya - born from brahma's ears7) Angira - born from Brahma's mouth8) Atri - born from brahma's eyes9) Marici - born from Brahma's mind10) Pulaha - born from Brahma's navel

    Religion was manifested from his breast and irreligion from his back.

    - lust and desire became manifest from his heart- anger from his eyebrows- greed from his lips- the power of speaking from his mouth- the ocean from his genitals- abominable activities from his anus

    Kardama was manifested from his shadow.

    Brahma had a daughter named Vak born from his body. His mind was attracted sinfully to her and his sons prayed to the Supreme Lord for the good sense of Brahma.

    Brahma gave up his body of sinful thought which became the dangerous fog of darkness.

    The four Vedas, the four principles of religion, the four social orders, medical science, military art, musical art, architectural science all emanated one after another. The fifth Veda (Purana) as well as histories all became manifest from his different mouths in systematic order. The eight varieties of fire sacrifice, the four divisions of retired life, the four divisions of renounced life, the science of logical argument, law and order, and moral codes all became manifest from his mouth. The pranava omkara was manifested from his heart. The art of literary expression usnik was generated from his hair. The principle Vedic hymn, gayatri, from his skin, tristup from the flesh, anustup from the veins, and jagati from his bones. The art of writing verse, pankti, came from the bone marrow, and brhati, another type of verse, was generated from the life-breath. Brahma's soul was manifested as the touch alphabets (sparsas), his body as the vowels, his senses as the sibilant alphabets, his strength as the intermediate alphabets and his sensual activities as the seven notes of music.

    When Brahma saw that in spite of the presence of the sages there was no sufficient increase in the population, he seriously began to consider how the population could be increased. While he was thus contemplating, two forms were generated from his body. They were Svayambhuva Manu and Satarupa. In due course of time Manu begot two sons, Uttanapada and Priyavrata, and three daughters, Akuti, Devahuti and Prasuti. Manu gave Akuti to the sage Ruci, Devahuti to Kardama and Prasuti to Daksa. From them, all the world filled with population.

    SB 3.20.18-50:

    Brahma first created the five kinds of ignorance from his shadow (tamisra, andha-tamisra, tamas, moha and maha-moha).

    Out of disgust, Brahma threw off the body of ignorance, which became the night. The Yaksas and Raksasas took possession of that body. Night is the source of hunger and thirst. Overpowered by hunger and thirst they ran to devour Brahma and Brahma became very afraid and asked to be spared.

    He then created the chief demigods. He dropped before them the form of daytime and the demigods sportingly took possession of it.

    Brahma then gave birth to the demons from his buttocks. They were very fond of sex and even approached him for copulation. Brahma first laughed at their stupidity, but seeing their determination grew indignant and ran away to approach the Lord for protection. The Lord ordered him to give up that body, which took the form of the evening twilight. The demons became bewildered and took the twilight to be a beautiful woman and seized her.

    Brahma then evolved the Gandharvas and Apsaras.

    Then he evolved from his sloth the ghosts and goblins. The ghosts took possession of the body thrown off in the form of yawning by Brahma. (This is the sleep that causes drooling. Ghosts attack such unclean people who are subject to be haunted or to go insane.)

    Brahma then evolved the Sadhyas and Pitas from his own invisible form, from his navel.

    Brahma then evolved the Siddhas and Vidyadharas and gave them his form known as Antardhana. (Antardhana means that these living creatures can be perceived to be present, but they cannot be seen.)

    Seeing his reflection in the water and admiring himself, Brahma evolved the Kimpurusas as well as the Kinnaras out of that reflection.

    Brahma once laid down with his body at full length. In a sullen mood he gave up that body which transformed into snakes.

    From his mind Brahma evolved the Manus who promote welfare activities and Brahma gave them his own human form.


    The species of life

    jalaja nava laksanisthavara laksha-vimsatikrimayo rudra sankhyakatprkshinam dasa-laksanamtrimsal-laksani paravahcatur laksani manusah

    "There are 900,000 species living in the water. There are also 2,000,000 nonmoving entities such as trees and plants. There are 1.100,000 species of insects and reptiles and there are 1,000,000 species of birds. As far as animals are concerned there are 3,000,000 varieties and there are 400,000 human species." (Padma Purana)

    SB 2.10.37-40: Brahma and his sons like Daksa, the periodical heads like Vaivasvata Manu, the demigods like Indra, Candra and Varuna, the great sages like Bhrgu, Vyasa and Vasistha, the Gandharvas, Vidyadharas, Asuras, Yaksas, Kinnaras and apsaras, the serpents, the monkey-shaped Kimpurusas, the human beings, the inhabitants of Matrloka, the demons, Pisacas, ghosts, spirits, lunatics and evil spirits, the good and evil stars, goblins, the animals in the forest, the birds, the household animals, the reptiles, the mountains, the entities born from the embryo, from eggs, from perspiration, from seeds and all others, whether they be in water, land or air, in happiness or distress. All of them, according to their past deeds are created by the Supreme Lord.

    SB 5.5.21-22: Beings who have a living force (vegetables, trees and plants), are superior to earth, stone or dull matter, etc. Superior to non-moving beings are snakes and worms, etc., or beings that move. Superior to snakes and worms are animals with developed intelligence. Superior to animals are human beings. Superior to human beings are ghosts because they have no material (gross) bodies. Superior to ghosts are Gandharvas. Superior to Gandharvas are the Siddhas. Superior to the Siddhas are the Kinnaras. Superior to the Kinnaras are the demons. Superior to the demons are the demigods. Of the demigods Indra is the topmost. Brahma's direct sons like Daksa, etc., are superior to Indra. Among Brahma's sons Siva is the most elevated.

    SB 6.6.*: Prajapati Daksa begot sixty daughters in the womb of his wife Asikni. These daughters were given in charity to different people to increase the population. Ten daughters were given to Dharmaraja, thirteen to Kasyapa, and twenty-seven to the moon god. In this way fifty daughters were distributed. Of the other ten, two were given to Bhuta, Angira and Krsasva and the remaining four were given to Kasyapa. Thus Kasyapa got seventeen of Daksa's daughters. It was because of the union of these daughters with various exalted personalities, that the entire universe was filled with various kinds of living entities in various bodies like humans, demigods, birds, etc.


    The four categories of the universal annihilation

    There are four kinds of annihilation summarized as constant, occasional, material and final.

    1) At every moment time invisibly transforms the bodies of all created beings and all other manifestations of matter. This process of transformation causes the living entity to undergo the constant annihilation of birth and death.

    "Experts in the subtle workings of nature, O subduer of the enemy, have declared that there are continuous processes of creation and annihilation that all created beings, beginning with Brahma, constantly undergo. (SB 12.4.35)

    "For a person who is suffering in the fire of countless miseries and who desires to cross the insurmountable ocean of material existence, there is no suitable boat except that of cultivating devotion to the transcendental taste for the narrations of the Supreme Personality of Godhead's pastimes." (SB 12.4.40)

    2) One thousand cycles of the four yugas constitute one day of Brahma. During his night Brahma sleeps and the three planetary systems meet destruction. This is called naimittika or occasional annihilation. (SB 12.4.2-4)

    When Brahma's night appears, the sun and the moon are without glare. The sun and the moon do not vanish, they appear in the remaining portion of the universe. The devastation takes place due to fire emanating from the mouth of Sankarsana. The great sages like Bhrgu and other inhabitants of Maharloka, transport themselves to Janaloka, being disturbed by the warmth of the blazing fire that rages throughout the universe. At the beginning of devastation all the seas become ferocious and in no time all the three worlds become full of water. The fire from Sankarsana's mouth rages for 36,000 years. Then for another 36,000 years there are torrents of rain with wind, etc., and the oceans overflow. These reactions for 72,000 years are the beginning of the partial devastation of the three worlds. When Brahma goes to sleep, the three worlds below Brahmaloka are submerged in the water of devastation. In his sleeping condition Brahma dreams about the Garbhodakasayi Visnu and takes instruction from the Lord how to recreate the devastated area.

    There is also a partial annihilation up to the earthly planet after the period of each Manu.

    3) When Brahma's life span is finished there occurs the prakrtika or total material annihilation. At that time the entire universal egg is destroyed.

    "At the time of devastation, when Lord Ananta desires to destroy the entire creation, He becomes slightly angry. Then from between His eyebrows, the three-eyed Rudra carrying a trident becomes manifested. This Rudra who is known as Sankarsana is the embodiment of the eleven Rudras. He appears to devastate the creation." (SB 5.25.3, 2.10.43)

    As the annihilation approaches there will be no rain on the earth for one hundred years. Drought will lead to famine and the starving populace will consume one another. Thus they will gradually be destroyed. The sun will then drink the water of the oceans, of the living bodies and of the earth itself. But the devastating sun will not give rain in return. Next the fire of annihilation will flare up from the mouth of Lord Sankarsana. Carried by the mighty wind, this fire will burn throughout the universe, scorching the lifeless cosmic shell. Burned from all sides, from above by the blazing sun and from below by the fire of Lord Sankarsana, the universal sphere will glow like a burning ball of cow dung. A great and terrible wind of destruction will begin to blow for more than one hundred years, and the sky, covered with dust, will turn grey. After that, groups of multicolored clouds will gather, roaring terribly with thunder, and will pour down floods of rain for one hundred years. At that time, the shell of the universe will fill up with water, forming a single cosmic ocean. As the entire universe is flooded, the water will rob the earth of its unique quality of fragrance, and the element earth, deprived of its distinguishing quality, will be dissolved. The element fire then seizes the taste from water and water merges into fire. Air seizes form from fire and fire merges into air. Ether then seizes the quality of touch from air and air merges into ether. False ego in ignorance seizes sound from ether. False ego in passion seizes the senses and false ego in goodness seizes the demigods. The mahat-tattva seizes false ego and thus everything is wound up. (SB 12.4.7-19)

    4) When a person achieves knowledge of his relationship with Krsna or when he understands his factual identity, he is then liberated from the material nature. This is called final annihilation or atyantika. (SB 12.4.34)


    League Of Devotees


  2. League Of Devotees


    The four yugas are known as a divya yuga. One divya yuga is 12,000 years of

    the demigods or 4,320,000 human years.



    KRTA or SATYA-YUGA (Golden Age)


    Duration - 4,800 demigods years or 1,728,000 human years

    Life span - 100,000 years

    Yuga dharma - meditation or astanga yoga having eight parts.


    1) Yama - Rules

    2) Niyama - Restrictions

    3) Asana - Sitting postures

    4) Pranayama - Breathing exercises

    5) Pratyahara - Sense restriction

    6) Dharana - Meditation

    7) Dhyana - Undisturbed meditation

    8) Samadhi - Total absorbtion


    Yuga Avatara (11.5.21)


    The yuga avatara is white with four arms, has

    matted hair and wears a garment of tree bark. He

    carries a black deerskin, a sacred thread, prayer

    beads and the rod and waterpot of a brahmacari.


    Symptoms of Satya-yuga


    The people are peaceful, non-envious, friendly

    and naturally Krsna conscious. In Satya-yuga

    there was no division of asrama, everyone was a

    paramahamsa. There was no demigod worship, only

    the worship of Krsna and religion was perfectly



    (S.B. 11.5.21-22)(S.B. Canto 9 Ch. 14)



    TRETA-YUGA (Silver Age)



    Duration - 3,600 demigod years or 1,296,00 human years

    Life span - 10,000 years

    Yuga dharma - Fire sacrifice, Yajna

    Yuga Avatara - The yuga avatara is red. He has four arms and

    golden hair. He wears a triple belt representing

    initiation into the three Vedas. His symbols are

    the sruk, sruva, etc.,(ladle, spoon and other

    implements of sacrifice).


    Symptoms of Treta-yuga


    In Treta-yuga the people are thoroughly

    religious. In Satya-yuga people are naturally

    Krsna conscious. In Treta-yuga they are inclined

    to become Krsna conscious. To achieve that end

    they are very strict in following Vedic



    DVARPARA-YUGA (Copper Age)



    Duration - 2,400 demigod years or 864,000 human years

    Life span - 1,000 years

    Yuga Avatara - In Dvapara-yuga his complexion is dark blue. He

    wears yellow garments. His body is marked with

    Srivatsa and other distinctive ornaments, and He

    manifests His personal weapons.


    NOTE: In other Dvapara-yugas before Krsna's appearance,

    the yuga avatara was somewhat greenish.


    The original Personality of Godhead from whom all

    other incarnations expand is Sri Krsna. He

    appears once in a day of Brahma, during the

    period of the seventh manu (Vaivasvata) in the

    28th divyayuga. The original Personality of

    Godhead Krsna only comes once in a day of Brahma.

    Although in every Dvapara-yuga there is a yuga

    avatara, they are all expansions of Visnu,

    who is an expansion of Sri Krsna.


    Symptoms of Dvapara-yuga


    In Dvapara-yuga people have the weaknesses of

    mortal beingss, but they have a strong desire to

    know about the Absolute Truth and they worship

    the Lord in the mood of honoring a great king,

    following the prescriptions of both Vedas and



    KALI-YUGA (Iron Age)



    Duration - 1,200 demigod years or 432,000 human years

    Life span - 100 years

    Yuga dharma - Chanting the Hare Krsna (Maha) mantra

    Yuga Avatara - The yuga avatara for the age of Kali is golden or

    yellow. For this Kali-yuga Lord Caitanya has

    appeared although He does not appear in every

    Kali-yuga. The yuga avatara for Kali-yuga is

    generally black. Lord Caitanya, who is Krsna

    Himself, appears only in the Kali-yuga

    immediately following the appearance of Sri Krsna

    in Dvapara-yuga.


    Symptoms of Kali-yuga


    O, learned one in the age of Kali, men have but

    short lives. They are quarrelsome, lazy,

    misguided unlucky and above all, always






    There is a chronological order of the four yugas - Satya,

    Dvapara, Treta and Kali. Sometimes there is an overlapping.

    During the regime of Vaivasvata Manu there was an

    overlapping of the twenty eighth divya-yuga and the third

    yuga, Treta appears before the second, Dvapara. When this

    happens the source of all incarnations, Krsna, appears.

    Every yuga is divided into three periods called sandhyas.

    (S.B. 1.4.14)


    One thousand divya-yugas equals one day of Brahma. In Brahma's one day there

    are fourteen Manus. In each one Manu enjoys a life of seventy-two divya-yugas

    or 852,000 years of the demigods or 306,720,000 human years. After the

    dissolution of every Manu a new Manu comes. The seven great sages as well as

    the leaders in the heavenly planets like Indra, etc., also rotate along with

    each change of Manu. Thus with the change of each and every Manu the universal

    management also changes.


    In Brahma's one day there are 14 Manus

    In Brahma's one month there are 420 Manus

    In Brahma's one year there are 5,040 manus

    In Brahma's lifetime there are 504,000 Manus




    The present age is the Vaivasvata Manu and Brahma's present day is the Sveta

    Varaha Kalpa.


    14 Manus for this day of Brahma


    1) Svayambhuva Manu - son of Lord Brahma

    2) Svarocisa Manu - son of Agni

    3) Uttama Manu - son of Priyavrata

    4) Tamasa Manu - brother of Uttama

    5) Raivata Manu - brother of Tamasa

    6) Caksusa Manu - son of the demigod Caksu

    7) Vaivasvata Manu - son of the sun-god Vivasvan

    8) Savarni Manu - son of the sun-god by his wife Chaya

    9) Daksa Savarni - son of Varuna

    10) Brahma Sarvani _ son of Brahma

    11) Dharma Savarni - son of Ruci

    12) Rudra Savarni - son of Rudra

    13) Deva Savarni - son of Satyasaha

    14) Indra Savarni - son of Bhuti


    During the period of each manu different sages accept the position of Vyasa

    or the compiler of the Vedas, Puranas, etc. Thus in the Dvapara-yuga of each

    divya-yuga a different sage accepts the position of Vyasa.


    28 Vyasas of the Vaivasvata Manvantara


    1) Brahma 15) Trayyaruna

    2) Prajapati or Manu 16) Dhananjaya

    3) Usana, Sukracarya 17) Krtanjaya

    4) Brhaspati 18) Rina

    5) Savitri 19) Bharadvaja

    6) Yamaraja 20) Gautama

    7) Indra 21) Uttama

    8) Vasistha 22) Vena

    9) Sarasvata 23) Somasushmapana

    10) Tridhama 24) Riksha or Valmiki

    11) Trivishan 25) Sakti, father of Parasara Muni

    12) Bharadhvaja 26) Parasara Muni

    13) Antariksa 27) Jaratkaru

    14) Vapra 28) Krsna Dvaipayana Vyasa


    In the next Dvapara-yuga the Vyasa will be Asvattama the son of Drona.


    Posted by galaxy18 at 7:18 AM


    League Of Devotees

  3. League Of Devotees


    1. Humbly bowing down before the almighty Lord Sri Vishnu, the Lord of the three worlds, I recite maxims of the science of political ethics (niti) selected from the various satras.




    2. That man who by the study of these maxims from the satras acquires a knowledge of the most celebrated principles of duty, and understands what ought and what ought not to be followed, and what is good and what is bad, is most excellent.




    3. Therefore with an eye to the public good, I shall speak that which, when understood, will lead to an understanding of things in their proper perspective.




    4. Even a pandit comes to grief by giving instruction to a foolish disciple, by maintaining a wicked wife, and by excessive familiarity with the miserable.




    5. A wicked wife, a false friend, a saucy servant and living in a house with a serpent in it are nothing but death.




    6. One should save his money against hard times, save his wife at the sacrifice of his riches, but invariably one should save his soul even at the sacrifice of his wife and riches.




    7. Save your wealth against future calamity. Do not say, "What w hat fear has a rich man of calamity?" When riches begin to forsake one even the accumulated stock dwindles away.




    8. Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your livelihood, have no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge.




    9. Do not stay for a single day where there are not these five persons: a wealthy man, a brahmana well versed in Vedic lore, a king, a river and a physician.




    10. Wise men should never go into a country where there are no means of earning one's livelihood, where the people have no dread of anybody, have no sense of shame, no intelligence, or a charitable disposition.




    11. Test a servant while in the discharge of his duty, a relative in difficulty, a friend in adversity, and a wife in misfortune.




    12. He is a true friend who does not forsake us in time of need, misfortune, famine, or war, in a king's court, or at the crematorium (smasana).




    13. He who gives up what is imperishable for that which perishable, loses that which is imperishable; and doubtlessly loses that which is perishable also.




    14. A wise man should marry a virgin of a respectable family even if she is deformed. He should not marry one of a low-class family, through beauty. Marriage in a family of equal status is preferable.




    15. Do not put your trust in rivers, men who carry weapons, beasts with claws or horns, women, and members of a royal family.




    16. Even from poison extract nectar, wash and take back gold if it has fallen in filth, receive the highest knowledge (Krsna consciousness) from a low born person; so also a girl possessing virtuous qualities (stri-ratna) even if she be born in a disreputable family.




    17. Women have hunger two-fold, shyness four-fold, daring six-fold, and lust eight-fold as compared to men.










    1. Untruthfulness, rashness, guile, stupidity, avarice, uncleanliness and cruelty are a women's seven natural flaws.




    2. To have ability for eating when dishes are ready at hand, to be robust and virile in the company of one's religiously wedded wife, and to have a mind for making charity when one is prosperous are the fruits of no ordinary austerities.




    3. He whose son is obedient to him, whose wife's conduct is in accordance with his wishes, and who is content with his riches, has his heaven here on earth.




    4. They alone are sons who are devoted to their father. He is a father who supports his sons. He is a friend in whom we can confide, and she only is a wife in whose company the husband feels contented and peaceful.




    5. Avoid him who talks sweetly before you but tries to ruin you behind your back, for he is like a pitcher of poison with milk on top.




    6. Do not put your trust in a bad companion nor even trust an ordinary friend, for if he should get angry with you, he may bring all your secrets to light.




    7. Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise council keep it secret being determined to carry it into execution.




    8. Foolishness is indeed painful, and verily so is youth, but more painful by far than either is being obliged in another person's house.




    9. There does not exist a ruby in every mountain, nor a pearl in the head of every elephant; neither are the sadhus to be found everywhere, nor sandal trees in every forest.




    10. Wise men should always bring up their sons in various moral ways, for children who have knowledge of niti-sastra and are well-behaved become a glory to their family.




    11. Those parents who do not educate their sons are their enemies; for as is a crane among swans, so are ignorant so are ignorant sons in a public assembly.




    12. Many a bad habit is developed through overindulgence, and many a good one by chastisement, therefore beat your son as well as your pupil; never indulge them. ("Spare the rod and spoil the child.")




    13. Let not a single day pass without your learning a verse, half a verse, or a fourth of it, or even one letter of it; nor without attending to charity, study and other pious activity.




    14. Separation from the wife, disgrace from one's own people, an enemy saved in battle, service to a wicked king, poverty, and a mismanaged assembly: these six kinds of evils, if afflicting a person, burn him even without fire.




    15. Trees on a river bank, a woman in another man's house, and kings without counsellors go without doubt to swift destruction.




    16. A brahmana's strength is in his learning, a king's strength is in his army, a vaishya's strength is in his wealth and a shudra's strength is in his attitude of service.




    17. The prostitute has to forsake a man who has no money, the subject a king that cannot defend him, the birds a tree that bears no fruit, and the guests a house after they have finished their meals.




    18. Brahmanas quit their patrons after receiving alms from them, scholars leave their teachers after receiving education from them, and animals desert a forest that has been burnt down.




    19. He who befriends a man whose conduct is vicious, whose vision impure, and who is notoriously crooked, is rapidly ruined.




    20. Friendship between equals flourishes, service under a king is respectable, it is good to be business-minded in public dealings, and a handsome lady is safe in her own home.


    League Of Devotees

  4. The Vedic-Vaishnava is not just a philosophy, but it indicates the concrete method of reaching perfection. We have already said that we are spiritual soul, but at the present moment we are convinced to be the material body we are able to see and touch. So we have to reawaken our transcendental senses to be able to see, hear, touch, understand our real original position. To be able to do that, we need to come in contact with agents of a nature similar to ours, namely spiritual. The first thing to do is to search for a bonafide spiritual master.

    It is important he be authentic. There are many so called spiritual master who are only after moneay, worship and similar mundane achievements. A spiritual guide has to be detached from those things and must know the Truth, in theory and in practice. He will guide the disceple in the path back home, back to Godhead. One of the first thing a genuine guru will teach is the importance of chanting the holy name of God. Vedas say that in this age of Kali, the best process of liberation is the meditation through chanting and recitation of the name of Krishna. He has put all His potencies in those names. So reciting those is equal to being in direct contact with the Supreme Lord. There are many mantras; amongst those one only is called the maha-mantra, or the best of all mantras. It is the following:

    Hare KrishnaHare KrishnaKrishna KrishnaHare Hare Hare Rama Hare RamaRama RamaHare Hare There arenot hard and fast rules to chant it: you can do it anywhere and in all possible situations. Even just meditating, if you cannot chant it out loud. There are two ways to chant it: in kirtana and in japa. In the first you will chant it, with instruments or by clapping your hands keeping rithm. In the second you'll sit quietly and reciting it with a voice sufficiently loud to be able to hear it, helped by a mala (rosary). The chanting of this maha-mantra will give you transcendental understanding and all possible benedictions. Of course there are many rules which will facilitate your spiritual advancement. The association with other devotees, the study of the sacred scriptures are very important. Another one is the offering of the food to the Dieties. For this you have to be strictly vegetarian. Smoking and drinking alcool is not recomended. Unrestricted sexual promiscuity will take away the peace of mind necessary for spiritual life. Also gambling is not recomended. By reading the scriptures, associating with Vaishnavas and also attending to this Web Site will give you much knowledge on the right things to do.


  5. http://www.leagueofdevotees.blogspot.com/


    Scriptures, vedas


    In Vedic culture the available body of knowledge comes from the revealed scriptures. The scriptures are mainly of two categories: sruti and smrti. Sruti refers to the four Vedas and they were originally received by Brahma from the Supreme Lord, Krsna. The smrtis are the literature compiled by self-realized sages based on their realizations of the sruti. Sruti is composed in Vedic Sanskrit and smrtis in laukika Sanskrit. There are some basic differences between these two types of Sanskrit. In Vedic Sanskrit the words have accent, akin to notes in music, and a word's meaning can change drastically simply by changing the accent of its letters. Therefore these words have to be heard properly from the guru in disciplic succession and hence Vedas are called sruti (lit. hearing). Nobody has the authority to change even a single syllable of the sruti. They are passed on from one age to another. Sometimes some parts of srutis get lost due to break in disciplic succession. Then they are again heard in trance by great sages called rsis. Rsi means a seer, or one who sees the Vedic texts. He hears it in trance and realizes its meaning. The Vedic Sanskrit has its own grammar and it is used only in the Vedas. No new book can be composed in Vedic Sanskrit.

    Smrtis on the other hand are written in laukika Sanskrit or Sanskrit spoken by people. It does not have accent in its words. Itihasas, Puranas, Agamas are all part of smrtis. Among the smrti literature there is a body of literature which is also called smrti such as Manu-smrti. These smrtis are part of dharmasastra or books giving religious code. Smrti sastras are compiled remembering the meaning of the sruti and hence the name smrti (lit. remembrance). The smrtis change from age to age in their structure but the essence is same.


    The classification of sruti and smrti literature

    4 Vedas: Rg, Sama, Yajur, Atharva




    ekavimsatibhedena rgvedam krtavan pura

    sakhanantu satenaiva yajurvedamathakarot

    samavedam sahasrena sakhanam pravibheda sah

    atharvanamatho vedam vibheda navakena tu


    "The Rgveda was divided into 21 branches and the Yajurveda into 100 branches, the Samaveda into 1,000 branches and the Atharvaveda into 9 branches." (Kurma Purana 52.19-20)

    Further, every branch has four subdivisions called Samhita (or Mantra), Brahmana, Aranyaka, and Upanisad. So all in all, the Vedas consist of 1130 Samhitas, 1130 Brahmanas, 1130 Aranyakas, and 1130 Upanisads, a total of 4520 titles. By the influence of time, however, many texts have been lost. At present only about 11 Samhitas, 18 Brahmanas, 7 Aranyakas, and 220 Upanisads are available. This is less than 6% of the original Vedas.

    4 Upavedas: Ayur (medicine), Gandharva (music), Dhanur (martial science), Sthapatya (architecture)

    6 Vedangas ("limbs of Veda"): Siksa (pronunciation), Canda (poetic meter), Nirukta (etymology and lexicology), Vyakarana (grammar), Kalpa (ritual), Jyotisa (astronomy and astrology)

    First two teach how to speak the Veda, second two teach how to understand the meaning of the Veda and the last two teach how to use the Veda.

    Smrti: There are 20 smrtis -

    Manu, Atri, Visnu, Harita, Yajnavalkya, Usana, Angira, Yama, Apastambha, Sanivarta, Katyayana, Brhaspati, Parasara, Vyasa, Sankha, Likhita, Daksa, Gautama, Satatapa, Vasistha.

    Itihasa: Ramayana and Mahabharata

    Puranas: They explain the teachings of the four Vedas in story form, making spiritual life more simple, and therefore in this age they are more important. There are eighteen Puranas divided into three groups along with three predominating Deities: sattva (goodness) - Visnu, rajas (passion) - Brahma and tamas (ignorance) - Siva. Padma Purana, Uttara khanda 236.18-21:

    Sattva: Visnu, Narada, Bhagavata Garuda, Padma, Varaha Rajas: Brahmanda, Brahma-vaivarta, Markandeya, Bhavisya, Vamana, Brahma Tamas: Matsya, Kurma, Linga, Vayu/Siva, Skanda, Agni

    Garuda Purana 1.223.15-16 replaces Vamana with Vayaviya:

    "The eighteen Puranas are - 1. Brahma, 2. Padma, 3. Vaisnava, 4. Saiva (or Vayu), 5. Bhagavata, 6. Bhavisya, 7. Naradiya, 8. Skanda, 9. Linga, 10. Varaha, 11. Markandeya, 12. Agneya, 13. Brahmavaivarta, 14. Kaurma, 15. Matsya, 16. Garuda, 17. Vayaviya and 18. Brahmanda."

    Garuda Purana 3.1.43,45,64 also adds: "Bhagavata is the best of all Puranas."

    They are divided in this way to gradually raise the conditioned soul from ignorance to pure goodness. The three divisions appeal to people in these respective modes and elevate them to the perfection of life.

    18 Upapuranas:

    Sanat Kumara, Narasimha, Brhannaradiya, Linga, Durvasa, Kapila, Manava, Ausanasa, Varuna, Kalika, Mahesvara, Samba, Saura, Parasara, Devibhagavata, Aditya, Vasistha, Visnudharmottara.

    18 Vidyas:

    Purana, Nyaya, Mimamsa, Dharmasastra, Rg, Sama, Yajur, Atharva, Siksa, Kalpa, Canda, Jyotisa, Nirukta, Vyakarana, Ayurveda, Gandharva, Dhanur, Arthasastra.

    Prasthanatrayi (main sources of scriptural evidence): Bhagavad-gita (700 verses), principle Upanisads and Brahmasutras (Vedanta-sutra consisting of 560 terse codes, or sutras).

    Sixty-four Kalas (traditional arts mentioned in SB 10.44): Singing, Playing musical instruments, Dancing, Acting in theatre, Painting, Painting the body with tilak and cosmetics, Making designs with rice powder and flowers, Decorating with flowers, Playing music in water, Water play, Colour mixing, Making garlands, Decorating head with garlands and flowers, Dressing the actors, Ear decoration, Making fragrances, Putting on ornaments, Juggling or Magic, Sleight of hand, Culinary, Making drinks, Needlework, Playing with thread, Playing vina and damaru, Solving riddles, Reciting verses with specific conditions, Making difficult verses, Reciting books, Reciting plays and stories, Solving enigmatic verses, Preparing designs of cloth, cane and arrows, Spinning, Carpentry, Architecture, Testing metals and jewels, Metallurgy, Tinging jewels, Mineralogy, Herbal medicine, Lamb & Cock sport fighting, Domesticating parrots, Applying perfumes, Hair care, Sending message with symbols, Sophistry, Dialects, Making toys, Making yantra, Use of amulets, Conversation, Mental verses composition lexicography, Concealing one's identity by use of dress, Gambling, Magic arts, Ghostly knowledge, Chariot driving, Writing, Taking care of elephants and horses, Making tambula, Swimming.

    64 Tantras or Agamas: Tantra literature is spoken by Lord Siva to Devi. It has three divisions called Agama, Yamala and Tantra. It is also divided according to the worshipable deity and there are three division called saiva, vaisnava and sakta.

    Tantras are similar to the Vedic smrti sastras insofar as mantra, yantra and tantra are concerned (mantra = the sounds used in executing the duties; yantra = the paraphernalia needed for the duties; tantra = the method of executing the duties. These comprise the essence of duties, so in this the vaidika and tantrika systems are the same. The main difference between vaidika and tantrika sastras is in structure; vaidika sastras deal with gotra (family) whereas the tantrika sastras are open for one initiated into them by a guru.

    Maha-sidhi-sarasvata-tantra lists the following 64 tantras:

    1) Siddhisvara, 2) Mahatantra, 3) Kalitantra, 4) Kularnava, 5) Jnanarnava, 6) Nila, 7) Fetakare, 8) Devi-agama, 9) Uttara, 10) Sri-krama, 11) Siddhi-yamala, 12) Matsya-sukta, 13) Siddha-sara, 14) Siddhi-sarasvata, 15) Varahi, 16) Yogini, 17) Ganesa-vimarsini, 18) Nitya, 19) Sivagama, 20) Camunda, 21) Mundamata, 22) Hamsamahesvara, 23) Niruttara, 24) Kula-prakasaka, 25) Kalpa, 26) Gandharvaka, 27) Kriyasara, 28) Nibandha, 29) Svatantra, 30) Sammohana, 31) Lalita, 32) Radha, 33) Malini, 34) Rudra-yamala, 35) Brhat-srikrama, 36) Gavaksa, 37) Sukumudini, 38) Visuddhesvara, 39) Malinivijaya, 40) Samayacara, 41) Bhairavi, 42) Yogini-hrdaya, 43) Bhairava, 44) Sanat Kumara, 45) Yoni, 46) Tantrantra 47) Nava-ratnesvara, 48) Kula-cudamani, 49) Kamadhenu, 50) Kumari, 51) Bhuta-damara, 52) Malini-vijaya, 53) Brahma-yamala, 54) Bhava-cudamani, 55) Visva-sara, 56) Mahatantra, 57) Mahakata, 58) Kulamrta, 59) Kuloddisa, 60) Kunjika, 61) Cintamani, 62) Yamala, 63) Tantra-devaprakasa, 64) Kama

    Pancaratra Agamas:

    There are three main agamic schools - the Saiva, Sakta and Vaisnava - and each has their own Pancaratras. Among the Vaisnavas the followers of Sri-sampradaya (Sri Vaisnavas) draw a lot from the agamas. All of these agamas comprise four topics in general:

    Jnana or knowledge; kriya (service such as construction of temples, installation of deities); carya or conduct (such as the observance of daily rites, festivals); and yoga or devotion, or attention.

    The common feature of all agamas is:

    (a) They accept the existence of a supreme being with a predominant male or female aspect.

    (b) The existence of undivided souls.

    © The reality of the objective universe.

    (d) Devotion is the only means of emancipation.

    Pancaratra is especially applicable in the Kali-yuga. It is as good as Veda, because it was spoken by the Lord Himself to Brahma when Brahma inquired how the Lord should be worshiped.

    The name "Pancaratra" has different explanations. It is said that Lord Visnu spoke these instructions through five nights (panca ratri) of Brahma; that's where the name comes from. Alternatively, it is said that the Pancaratra makes the five processes dark: these five processes referred to are differently listed in different Pancaratriki scriptures, but they are things like karma, jnana, astanga-yoga, sankhya, and so on. Ahirbudhnya-samhita says that Pancaratra has it name because it deals with five-fold manifestation of Lord Vasudeva - Para, Vyuha, Vibhava, Arca and Antaryami. And Bhaktivinoda Thakura says in Navadvipa Mahatmya, ch. 13: "The five rsis (Sandilya, Upagayana, Maunjayana, Kausika, and Bharadvaja) were previously each instructed for one day and night (panca-ratra, "five nights") by Lord Narayana. Headed by Narada Muni they wrote the Pancaratra here (in Vidyanagara) to teach the people about practical devotional service." According to Narada Pancaratra the word Pancaratra means five types of knowledge.

    There are 59 types of Pancaratras:

    1) Agastya-samhita, 2) Aniruddha, 3) Ahirbudhnya, 4) Isvara, 5) Kapinjala, 6) Kasyapa, 7) Jayakhya, 8) Narada, 9) Pancaratra, 10) Naradiya, 11) Parama, 12) Parama Purusa, 13) Parasara 14) Padma-samhita, 15) Padma-tantra, 16) Paramesvara, 17) Purusottama, 18) Pauskara, 19) Brhad Brahma, 20) Bharadvaja, 21) Markandeya, 22) Laksmi-tantra, 23) Visvamitra, 24) Visnu, 25) Visnutilaka, 26) Visvaksena, 27) Sandilya, 28) Seva, 29) Sri Prasna, 30) Sanat Kumara, 31) Satvata, 32) Hayasirsa, 33) Trailokyamohana, 34) Vaibhava, 35) Prahrada, 36) Garga-galava, 37) Sandilya, 38) Satyokta, 39) Vasistha, 40) Savanakara, 41) Narayaniya, 42) Jnanarnava, 43) Svayambhuva, 44) Kapila, 45) Vihagendara, 46) Atreya, 47) Narasimhakhya, 48) Anamdakhya, 49) Aruna 50) Baudhayana, 51) Vaisnavacarita, 52) Mahatantri, 53) Bhagavata, 54) Sivohita, 55) Visnubhasita, 56) Padmodbhava, 57) Varaha, 58) Samanya, 59) Vyarokta

    There are supposed to be 108 Pancaratragamas but most of them are lost.



  6. http://leagueofdevotees.blogspot.com/2009/06/prabhupada-on-abortion.html


    SB 10.7.4 P The Killing of the Demon Trnavarta

    There is no question of overpopulation or of children’s being a burden for their parents in a Vedic society. Such a society is so well organized and people are so advanced in spiritual consciousness that childbirth is never regarded as a burden or a botheration. The more a child grows, the more his parents become jubilant, and the child’s attempts to turn over are also a source of jubilation. Even before the child is born, when the mother is pregnant, many recommended ritualistic ceremonies are performed. For example, when the child has been within the womb for three months and for seven months, there is a ceremony the mother observes by eating with neighboring children. This ceremony is called svada-bhaksana. Similarly, before the birth of the child there is the garbhadhana ceremony. In Vedic civilization, childbirth or pregnancy is never regarded as a burden; rather, it is a cause for jubilation. In contrast, people in modern civilization do not like pregnancy or childbirth, and when there is a child, they sometimes kill it. We can just consider how human society has fallen since the inauguration of Kali-yuga. Although people still claim to be civilized, at the present moment there is actually no human civilization, but only an assembly of two-legged animals.

    LoB 35

    When the krpanas have too many children, they suffer the scorching heat of family life, and then similar leaders advise them to undertake family planning. The idea of this family planning is that sense pleasure should not be curtailed, but birth control should be accomplished by artificial measures. Such methods of birth control are called bhruna-hatya, or killing the child in embryo. Such killing is a sinful act, and in the revealed scriptures a specific hell is designated for those who commit such sins.

    JSD 6.5 Slaughterhouse Civilization

    They are sending animals to the slaughterhouse, and now they’ll create their own slaughterhouse. [imitating gunfire:] Tung! Tung! Kill! Kill! You see? Just take Belfast, for example. The Roman Catholics are killing the Protestants, and the Protestants are killing the Catholics. This is nature’s law. It’s not necessary that you be sent to the ordinary slaughterhouse. You’ll make a slaughterhouse at home. You’ll kill your own child–abortion. This is nature’s law. Who are these children being killed? They are these meat-eaters. They enjoyed themselves when so many animals were killed, and now they’re being killed by their mothers. People do not know how nature is working. If you kill, you must be killed. If you kill the cow, who is your mother, then in some future lifetime your mother will kill you. Yes. The mother becomes the child, and the child becomes the mother.Mam sa khadatiti mamsah. The Sanskrit word is mamsa. Mam means “me,” and sa means “he.” I am killing this animal; I am eating him. And in my next lifetime he’ll kill me and eat me. When the animal is sacrificed, this mantra is recited into the ear of the animal–”You are giving your life, so in your next life you will get the opportunity of becoming a human being. And I who am now killing you will become an animal, and you will kill me.” So after understanding this mantra, who will be ready to kill an animal?

    750128BG.TOK Lectures

    So their theory, this atheistic theory, is aparaspara-sambhutam. It has taken by mechanical arrangement. Kim anyat kama-haitukam. Kama. Just like kama–a man, a woman becomes lusty, and there is sex, and there is production. So they say like that. The production is like that. There is no other plan. But there is a big plan. That they do not know. The plan is: yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati bharata, tadatmanam srjamy aham. That is plan. But these rascal, this atheist class, they say, kim anyat kama-haitukam: “Only lusty desires, that is the only reason. That is the only cause.” The atheist class think like that, that “This birth is taking place due to our lusty desires, but we do not want to take responsibility. Then kill him. What is that?” Therefore they are making this abortion, killing of the child, as legal. The kama… “We had some lusty desires, and we got it, but we don’t want it. Kill it.” That’s all. This is going on. This is atheism. But it is not that. That child has come. It is a living entity. It desired a certain thing, and therefore he has given chance to take birth as human being or as cat, as dog. Kama-haitukam.



  7. Prabhupada on Abortion




    Fathers and mothers have protective feelings for their children even in bird and beast society, not to speak of human society. Kali-yuga, however, is so degraded that a father and mother even kill their children in the womb…

    SB 6.16.14 P King Citraketu Meets the Supreme Lord

    In this verse the word bala-hatya-hata-prabhah is to be particularly noted. The practice of killing children has existed in human society for a long time–since time immemorial–but in the days of yore it was very rarely performed. At the present moment, however, in this age of Kali, abortion–killing of the child within the womb–has become very common, and sometimes a child is even killed after birth. If a woman performs such an abominable act, she gradually loses all her bodily luster (bala-hatya-hata-prabhah). It is also to be noted that the ladies who had committed the sinful act of administering poison to the child were very much ashamed, and according to the directions of the brahmanas, they had to undergo atonement for killing the child. Any woman who has ever performed such an infamously sinful act must atone for it, but no one now is doing that. Under the circumstances, the women responsible must suffer in this life and the next. Those who are sincere souls, after hearing this incident, should refrain from such child-killing and should atone for their sinful activities by taking to Krsna consciousness very seriously. If one chants the Hare Krsna maha-mantra without offenses, all of one’s sinful actions are surely atoned for immediately, but one should not commit such deeds again, for that is an offense.

    SB 7.2.37 P Hiranyakasipu, King of the Demons

    In the Mahabharata it is said, adarsanad ihayatah punas cadarsanam gatah. This statement could support the theory of the atheistic scientist that the child in the womb of the mother has no life but is simply a lump of matter. To follow this theory, if the lump of matter is aborted by a surgical operation, no life is killed; the body of a child is like a tumor, and if a tumor is operated upon and thrown away, no sin is involved. The same argument could be put forward in regard to the King and his queens. The body of the King was manifested from an unmanifested source, and again it became unmanifested from manifestation. Since the manifestation exists only in the middle–between the two points of unmanifestation–why should one cry for the body manifested in the interim?

    SB 7.2.55 P Hiranyakasipu, King of the Demons

    Another point in this verse is that fathers and mothers have protective feelings for their children even in bird and beast society, not to speak of human society. Kali-yuga, however, is so degraded that a father and mother even kill their children in the womb on the plea of their scientific knowledge that within the womb the child has no life. Prestigious medical practitioners give this opinion, and therefore the father and mother of this day kill their children within the womb. How degraded human society has become! Their scientific knowledge is so advanced that they think that within the egg and the embryo there is no life. Now these so-called scientists are receiving Nobel Prizes for advancing the theory of chemical evolution. But if chemical combinations are the source of life, why don’t the scientists manufacture something like an egg through chemistry and put it in an incubator so that a chicken will come out? What is their answer? With their scientific knowledge they are unable to create even an egg. Such scientists are described in Bhagavad-gita as mayayapahrta jnanah, fools whose real knowledge has been taken away. They are not men of knowledge, but they pose as scientists and philosophers, although their so-called theoretical knowledge cannot produce practical results.

    SB 9.9.31 The Dynasty of Amsuman

    You are well known and worshiped in learned circles. How dare you kill this brahmana, who is a saintly, sinless person, well versed in Vedic knowledge? Killing him would be like destroying the embryo within the womb or killing a cow.

    SB 9.9.31 P The Dynasty of Amsuman

    As stated in the Amara-kosa dictionary, bhruno’rbhake bala-garbhe: the word bhruna refers either to the cow or to the living entity in embryo. According to Vedic culture, destroying the undeveloped embryo of the soul in the womb is as sinful as killing a cow or a brahmana. In the embryo, the living entity is present in an undeveloped stage. The modern scientific theory that life is a combination of chemicals is nonsense; scientists cannot manufacture living beings, even like those born from eggs. The idea that scientists can develop a chemical situation resembling that of an egg and bring life from it is nonsensical. Their theory that a chemical combination can have life may be accepted, but these rascals cannot create such a combination. This verse refers to bhrunasya vadham–the killing of a bhruna or destruction of the embryo. Here is a challenge from the Vedic literature. The crude, atheistic understanding that the living entity is a combination of matter belongs to the grossest ignorance.

  8. http://leagueofdevotees.blogspot.com/


    Abortion–A Medical Procedure or Murder?



    Abortion is the number one cause of death in the United States…


    The figures below do not count illegal or unreported deaths due to abortions, nor the deaths of mothers because of abortions nor a higher incidence of breast cancer later due to abortions.


    Below is a partial list:


    Induced abortion 1,508,651

    Cardiovascular diseases 948,088

    Cancer (all types) 529,904


    And the list goes on and on. Every two weeks (14.7 days) there are as many deaths due to induced abortions as there were in the entire Vietnam war. (55,000). Source: CDC 1996


    Robert Mobbs wrote:


    > Many people in our society enjoy being beaten with blunt objects.

    >This hardly makes it universally desirable. Abortion is not murder, nor

    >is it immoral. It is a medical procedure for which every woman can and

    >should have the right to opt.


    At one time you were within the womb of your mother. If she had undergone the “medical procedure” you outline above you wouldn’t be here now, however she didn’t so here you are. Surely if she had undergone the “medical procedure” she would have killed you. It’s not too difficult to understand surely?


    > This can be debated, because it cannot be proven. Whether or not

    >you would listen is another story.


    If you can prove a body can develop and grow without life then go right ahead and prove it. But growth and development are symptoms of life surely?


    >At no point was *I* in my mother’s womb. The *body* I

    >was *soon* to occupy was.


    The soul enters the womb at the time of “conception”. The time of the union between the man and the woman. The embryo cannot grow and change within the mother’s womb without the soul. If the soul leaves the embryo in the womb it “dies” and a stillbirth is the result. Stillbirth means a dead child.. no soul.


    If the soul didn’t enter until birth and the child in the womb was a tumor how can you explain eggs? If a bird lays an egg the baby bird develops, completely independently of the mother, within the egg.


    The soul, the living force, must be in a fertile egg when a chicken lays it, otherwise how does it grow and change inside the egg? Clearly it has no connection with the mother.. You could develop an artificial incubator and put a fetus in there, it would still grow and develop into a child if you could give it the right nutrients. The womb is just like the nest for the baby birds…


    >You say, “At one time you were within the womb of your mother.”

    >I say, “Sometime in the future you will be in the grave.”


    I will never be in the grave. My body will be in the grave. It will not be growing there, it will be rotting. You can’t compare the rotting body in the grave with the living, growing child in the womb. Every mother knows it. The child is living in her womb. Sometimes he’s happy, sometimes he’s upset. According to the Vedas after the seventh month the child is conscious in the womb, he is aware of his surroundings…


    >Will you also be

    >living in the grave?


    The symptoms of the presence of the soul are growth and consciousness, both are present in the child in the womb, neither are present in the rotting corpse in the grave. Surely you can see the difference?


    The presence of the soul in the womb of the mother is required for pregnancy. If there is no soul there is no pregnancy. The mother’s womb provides an environment for the child to develop and the child is nourished directly form the mother’s body.. But the child is a separate person. These things are very clear — anybody can see. If the soul leaves the body during the pregnancy, ie: the embryo dies, then there is a still-birth.


    >Where were you a month before your mother became pregnant?


    At the time of death, depending on our activities, the soul goes to different places. A sinful man has to go to the court of Yamaraja, the Lord of death, for judgment. He will most probably be sent to hell. A pious person can be promoted to heaven and we can also take birth on this planet again. If one is God conscious at the time of death he can go back home, back to Godhead. So depending upon what we deserve the soul is placed in the womb of the next mother. So one month before I was in the womb of my mother I was living somewhere else. “I”, the soul, am eternal. It is only my body that gets old and dies.


    >The name of this newsgroup I read your posting in is

    >”alt.BIBLE.prophecy.” The BIBLE in dozens of places describes

    >LIFE as being identical with breath;


    Yes life and the “airs” are intimately connected. There are different circles of air within the body called “chakras” and these different chakras are the life-airs upon which the soul sits. So there is a connection but these “airs” are present in the embryo in the womb of the mother…


    >as breath as life; as starting with

    >breath; with life entering with breath (even as through the nostrils);

    >and with life departing with the last breath.


    Generally at death, for an ordinary person, the “life airs” do leave through the mouth. But they are already there in the child in the womb..


    In any case if, as in my original posting, you are within your mother’s womb and I kill the embryo, you are forced to leave that body and suffer for nine months in another woman’s womb. If I kill the embryo you can’t take birth. That is very inconvenient and painful for you and it is a very grave sin for me.


    >This is defined and

    >described dozens of times in the Bible. Many, many other spiritual and

    >religious traditions describe breath as life, where the soul becomes

    >conscious through the physical body between birth and death. There are

    >many Buddhist sutras that talk of this.


    >I assume that you are learned in the Hindu traditions, perhaps

    >they are different than Judaic and Christian and Buddhist and other



    Your Christian Bible doesn’t allow you to kill children in their mother’s wombs! I am stunned that you present yourself as a Christian and at the same time try to support such a gross sinful activity by twisting the words of the Bible to suit your own ends…


    >I am concerned that you have neither thought this through, read much of

    >scriptures of world religions, or have much knowledge of the relation

    >between consciousness and life.


    I think you need not be concerned for my understanding, but you should consider your own. Nothing can grow and change without the presence of the soul, life. The child within the mother’s womb is a different person. Every mother knows it. As the pregnancy goes on the child starts to move, sometimes he is happy, sometimes he is upset, sometimes he is kicking his mother. Mothers know these things…


    The womb is NOT a comfortable place and the child within the womb is fully conscious after seven months. He is aware of his surroundings, he knows why he is there and, if he is a little pious, he prays to God, “Please don’t let me forget You when I take birth…” However birth is a very traumatic experience for the child so he generally forgets everything of his stay in the womb.


    > I’ve heard very much to the contrary. The womb is warm, and the

    >liquids in which the fetus floats protect it from a great deal of



    Except, of course when the mother eats something too hot, takes some drugs, drinks alcohol… The effects are multiplied many times for the child in the womb. Would you like to be in that position now? All packed-up in such a small space with the mothers digestive fluids on one side and all the obnoxious stool and urine on the other. There’s plenty of germs there and sometimes even worms…


    >That’s why many say birth is traumatic–the little one is

    >leaving the warmth and protection of the womb for a cold, overly- >bright (to un-prepared eyes) world.


    Birth is _VERY_ traumatic for the child. So traumatic, in fact, that the child forgets everything. Birth means forgetfulness.


    >Also, the mother’s heartbeat

    >was (at least, at one time), conjectured to be a very comforting

    >sound for infants, since that is a sound they can remember from

    >the good ol’ days in momma.


    Obviously if he can remember his mothers heart-beat he was in his mothers womb before birth! It’s not a tumor there it’s a child!


    Outside the womb is relatively comfortable and he is convinced he is the body, “I am an American man,” “I am an Australian woman…” So he dedicates his life to the pursuit of material pleasures….


    >I have no memories of the womb, but most of my time in Kentucky is

    >not very comfortable. It is RIDICULOUS to have to put up with 40-

    >and 50-degree temperatures in May, for example, and I intensely

    >dislike it when the temperature gets below the 40’s and worse. Maybe

    >outside the womb is comfortable to many others, however.


    Anywhere you live in the material world has it’s problems. We are not meant to be here! We are meant to be in the kingdom of God, in the spiritual world. If it was too comfortable here we might never want to leave.. So this world is a frustrating place. It’s designed to be like that…


    If your mother kills your body in the womb you can’t get into the material world… You have to continue suffering in different mothers wombs until finally you find one who doesn’t kill your body!


    >I just realized something…hmmm, your name, well…perhaps it

    >explains your beliefs. However, not everyone agrees with whatever

    >you use as an authority, which is evidently spiritual in nature.

    >Your religious beliefs are yours, and I do not seek to tell you that

    >they are wrong. However, they might be wrong for ME, and possibly

    >for the person to whom you responded.


    We accept the Vedas, the spiritual books from India. They contain absolute knowledge and are right for everyone. What I have spoken of in this post is common-sense anyhow, anyone can understand it.


    It is a very dark and sinful age but I think you can understand what I am saying here…


    >No real arguments there. Personally, I’m not sure this is a world

    >into which children ought to be brought. It reeks a bit of meanness.


    It is mean because we are misers. All living for ourselves. All trying to be God. No one can be happy this way. We can advance materially so much. So many computers, so many color televisions, nice cars… But these things will never make us happy or make the world a nice place.


    We have to put God in the center and together we can use all of our different skills and individuality to serve Him. That way we can live in this world cooperatively and happy and after leaving this body we can go back home, back to Godhead. We won’t have to see the inside of another mother’s womb again!



  9. http://leagueofdevotees.blogspot.com/


    Agni purana XXXVII 1-50

    Agni said : I will now describe the fruits of making temples for the

    residence of Vasudeva and other deities.

    He who attempts to erect temples for gods is freed from the sins of a

    thousand births.

    Those who think of building a temple in their minds are freed from the sins

    of a hundred births.

    Those who approve of a man's building a temple for Krishna go to the

    region of Acyuta [ Vishnu ] freed from sins.

    Having desired to build a temple for Hari, a man immediately takes millions

    of his generations, past and future, to the region of Vishnu.

    The departed manes of the person who builds a temple for Krishna live in the

    region of Vishnu, well adorned and free from the sufferings of hell.

    The construction of a temple for a deity dissipiates even the sin of


    By building a temple one reaps the fruit which one does not even gain by

    celebrating a sacrifice.

    By building a temple one acquires the fruits of bathing at all the sacred


    The construction of a temple, which gives heaven, by a religious or an

    irreligious man, yields the fruit reaped by persons slain in a battle

    undertaken on behalf of the celestials.

    By making one temple one goes to heaven; by making three one goes to the

    region of Brahma; bu making five one goes to the region of Shambhu; by

    making eight one goes to the region of Hari. By making sixteen one attains

    all objects of enjoyment and emanicipation.

    A poor man, by building the smallest temple, reaps the same benefit which a

    rich man does by building the biggest temple for Vishnu.

    Having acquired wealth and built a temple with a small portion of it, a

    person acquires piety and gains favours from Hari.

    By making a temple with a lakhs of rupees, or a thousand, or a hundred, or

    fifty a man goes where the Garuda-emblemed deity resides.

    He who in his childhood even sportively makes a temple of Vasudeva with

    sand, goes to His region.

    He who builds temples of Vishnu at sacred places, shrines, and hermitages,

    reaps fruits.

    Those who decorate the temple of Vishnu with scents, flowers, and sacred

    mud, go to the city of the Lord.

    Having erected a temple for Hari, a man, either fallen, about to fall, or

    half-fallen, reaps twofold fruits.

    He who brings about the fall of a man is the protector of one fallen. By

    making a temple for Vishnu one attains to his region.

    As long as the collection of bricks of Hari's temple exists, the

    founder of his family lives gloriously in the region of Vishnu. He becomes

    pious and adorable in this world and in the next.

    He who builds a temple for Krishna, the son of Vasudeva, is born as a man of

    good deeds and his family is purified.

    He who builds temples for Visnu, Rudra, the sun-god, and other deities

    acquire fame. What is the use to him of wealth which is hoarded by ignorant

    men ?

    Useless is the acquisition of riches to one who does not have temple built

    with hard earned money for Krishna, or whose wealth is not enjoyed by the

    Pitris, Brahmanas, celestials, and friends. As death is certain for men, so

    is his destruction.

    The man who does not spend his money for his enjoyment or in charities and

    keeps it hoarded is stupid and is fettered even when alive. What is the

    merit of him who, obtaining riches either by an accident or manliness,does

    not spend it for a glorious work or for religion ? [ What is the merit of

    him ] who, having given away his wealth to the leading twice-born, makes his

    gift circulated, speaks of more than he gives away in charities ?

    Therefore a wise man should have the temples built for Vishnu and other

    deities. Having entered the region of Hari, he acquires reverential faith

    for Narottama [ Vishnu ]. He pervades all the three worlds containing the

    mobile and the immobile, the past, future, and present, gross, subtle, and

    all inferior objects. From Brahma to a pillar everything has originated from

    Vishnu. Having obtained entrance into the region of the Great Soul, Vishnu,

    the omnipresent god of gods, a man is not born again.

    Posted by galaxy18


  10. http://leagueofdevotees.blogspot.com/


    Abortion brings a very negative karma. The child in the womb is a soul, a living being destined for a human body. This is true from the moment of conception.


    sri-bhagavan uvaca

    karmana daiva-netrena

    jantur dehopapattaye

    striyah pravista udaram

    pumso retah-kanasrayah



    (Shrimad Bhagavata Purana 3.31.1)


    "The Personality of Godhead said: Under the supervision of the Supreme Lord and according to the result of his work, the living entity, the soul, is made to enter into the womb of a woman through the particle of male semen to assume a particular type of body."


    "Willful abortion and hatred of the husband are great sins in women without any expiation." (Garuda Purana 1.105.48)


    If one has sex, then one must take responsibility for raising any child that is produced - or at least see to it that the child is raised by someone. One cannot escape suffering by committing sins. All suffering (such as rape, incest, conceiving an unwanted child, and so forth) is caused by reactions to sins performs either in this life or previous lives. If we commit the sin of murdering a child to avoid our reactions, we will *still* get our original reaction (perhaps in a different form, at a different time, or both) plus the reaction to the current sin. So, we compound our problem.


    Legalizing abortion has not at all decreased the number of unwanted children in the world, or the number of mistreated children. In fact, easily available birth control and abortion has gone along with an increase in illegitimate and battered children.


    Women who have abortions are often damaged psychologically and/or physically. Pregnancy is not just the result of sex. It is also the result of divine will.


    purva janmani ya nari para balaka ghatanam

    karoti kapate naiva bala hina bhaved dhruvam


    (Padma Purana, Brahma Khanda 5.10)


    Any woman who has destroyed another's child in previous births, surely becomes childless or barren in this life.


    purva janmani ya nari bhruna hatyam ca yo narah

    kuryat sa mrta vatsa ca mrta vatso bhaved dhruvam


    (Padma Purana, Brahma Khanda 5.18)


    Any woman who in previous births had an abortion, or a man who suggested an abortion, because he or she killed a child, it is certain that a dead child will take birth in this life to them.


    Srimad Bhagavatam 3.30.22, purport: While we live in the gross body, such activities of sense gratification are encouraged even by modern government regulations. In every state all over the world, such activities are encouraged by the government in the form of birth control. Women are supplied pills, and they are allowed to go to a clinical laboratory to get assistance for abortions. This is going on as a result of sense gratification. Actually sex life is meant for begetting a good child, but because people have no control over the senses and there is no institution to train them to control the senses, the poor fellows fall victim to the criminal offenses of sense gratification, and they are punished after death as described in these pages of Srimad-Bhagavatam.


    SB 5.14.9: In Bhagavad-gita (7.11) it is said:

    dharmaviruddho bhutesu kamo 'smi bharatarsabha.

    Sex is allowed only for the begetting of children, not for enjoyment. One can indulge in sex to beget a good child for the benefit of the family, society and world. Otherwise, sex is against the rules and regulations of religious life. A materialistic person does not believe that everything is managed in nature, and he does not know that if one does something wrong, he is witnessed by different demigods. A person enjoys illicit sex, and due to his blind, lusty desire he thinks that no one can see him, but this illicit sex is thoroughly observed by the agents of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Therefore the person is punished in so many ways. Presently in Kali-yuga there are many pregnancies due to illicit sex, and sometimes abortions ensue. These sinful activities are witnessed by the agents of the Supreme personality of Godhead, and a man and woman who create such a situation are punished in the future by the stringent laws of material nature (daivi hy esa gunamayi mama maya duratyaya). Illicit sex is never excused, and those who indulge in it are punished life after life. As confirmed in Bhagavad-gita (16.20):


    asurim yonim apanna

    mudha janmani janmani

    mam aprapyaiva kaunteya

    tato yanty adhamam gatim


    "Attaining repeated birth among the species of demoniac life, such persons can never approach Me. Gradually they sink down to the most abominable type of existence."


    The Supreme Personality of Godhead does not allow anyone to act against the stringent laws of material nature; therefore illicit sex is punished life after life. Illicit sex creates pregnancies, and these unwanted pregnancies lead to abortion. Those involved become implicated in these sins, so much so that they are punished in the same way the next life. Thus in the next life they also enter the womb of a mother and are killed in the same way. All these things can be avoided by remaining on the transcendental platform of Krishna consciousness. In this way one does not commit sinful activity. Illicit sex is the most prominent sin due to lusty desire. When one associates with the mode of passion, he is implicated in suffering life after life.



  11. http://www.leagueofdevotees.blogspot.com/


    The Veda is divided into four great books:

    The Rig-Veda

    The Yajur-Veda

    The Sama-Veda

    The Atharva-Veda

    The Yajur-Veda is again divided into two parts:

    The Sukla Yajur-Veda

    The Krishna Yajur-Veda.

    The Krishna or the Tattiriya is the older book and the Sukla or Vajasaneya is a later revelation to Sage Yajnavalkya from the resplendent Sun-God.

    The Rig-Veda is divided into twenty-one sections, the Yajur-Veda into one hundred and nine sections, the Sama-Veda into one thousand sections and Atharva-Veda into fifty sections. In all, the whole Veda is thus divided into one thousand one hundred and eighty recensions.

    Each Veda consists of four parts:

    The Mantra-Samhitas or hymns.

    The Brahmanas or explanations of Mantras or rituals.

    The Aranyakas (philosophical interpretations of the rituals).

    The Upanishads (The essence or the knowledge portion of the Vedas).

    The division of the Vedas into four parts is to suit the four stages in a man’s life.

    The Mantra-Samhitas are hymns in praise of the Vedic God for attaining material prosperity here and happiness hereafter. They are metrical poems comprising prayers, hymns and incantations addressed to various deities, both subjective and objective. The Mantra portion of the Vedas is useful for the Brahmacharins (celibate; one who belongs to the first of the four Asramas or orders of life; one who lives in purity and studies the Veda; the first 25 years of life).

    The Brahmana portions guide people to perform sacrificial rites. They are prose explanations of the method of using the Mantras in the Yajna or the sacrifice. The Brahmana portion is suitable for the householder (Grihastha; one who belongs to the second of the four Asramas or orders of life; from 25 to 50 years of age).

    The Aranyakas are the forest books, the mystical sylvan texts which give philosophical interpretations of the Rituals. The Aranyakas are intended for the Vanaprasthas or hermits who prepare themselves for taking Sannyasa. (Vanaprastha = one who leads the third stage of life; from 50 to 75 years of age).

    The Upanishads are the most important portion of the Vedas. The Upanishads contain the essence or the knowledge portion of the Vedas. The philosophy of the Upanishads is sublime, profound, lofty an soul-stirring. The Upanishads speak of the identity of the individual soul and the Supreme Soul. They reveal the most subtle and deep spiritual truths. The Upanishads are useful for the Sannyasins. (Sannyasi or Sannyasin = a monk; one who has embraced the life of complete renunciation ; one belonging to the fourth or the highest stage of life; from 75 to 100 years of age).

    [Note: Although the division of the Vedas into four parts is to suit the four stages in a man’s life, the study of the four Vedas is done by Brahmacharins or celibate students and the knowledge thus acquired serves as the basis of the goal of life through all the four stages of life. The studies of the Vedas continue throughout one’s life. (Refer also to Dharma, Artha, Kama & Moksha). Thus the knowledge of the Upanishads is not to be confined to the last stage of life. The mind of the Sannyasin is intensely focussed upon the teachings of the Upanishads.]

    The subject matter of the whole Veda is divided into




    The Karma-Kanda or Ritualistic Section deals with various sacrifices and rituals.

    The Upasana-Kanda or Worship-Section deals with various kinds of worship or meditation.

    The Jana-Kanda or Knowledge-Section deals with the highest knowledge of Nirguna Brahman. (Nirguna = without attributes or forms. Brahman = the Supreme Reality).

    The Mantras and the Brahmanas constitute Karma-Kanda (rituals).

    The Aranyakas constitute Upasana-Kanda (worship).

    The Upanishads constitute Jnana-Kanda (knowledge).



  12. i myself is born in a jain family.jains dont belive in any one behind creation.they say it happened by chance.thay dont belive in any bhagavan.thay say any mortal human can become god.they say in this yuga no one can get liberation.according to them lord Krishna is suffering in hell.reason because he dances with so many girls in rasa dance,he was responsible for the mahabharat war etc.they say Brahma,vishnu,siva,all demigods are subbordinate to their tirthankaras. lord Krishna and Rama were just ordinary people with some powers according to them.many many more thing which are totally atheistic and against the vedas.

  13. :) http://leagueofdevotees.blogspot.com/

    Once when Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati was opening a new center in a house that had been given for the use of the Gaudiya Mission, a ghostly incident occurred.




    He was staying in a room on the second floor. One brahmacari was in attendance, reading Srimad Bhagavatam while he worked at his desk. That brahmacari suddenly saw a bone‑hand float in through the window. He cried out and fainted. When Srila Bhaktisiddhanta inquired the cause for his alarm, the brahmacari told what he'd seen, but Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati didn't seem to take it as very important. He told the brahmacari to chant Hare Krishna, not cry unin‑ telligibly.




    Thereafter the hand again appeared and floated into the room as if to grasp the neck of Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati. This time the brahmacari chanted Hare Krishna and then fainted. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati revived the brahmacari, saying, "Don't faint. Chant and read Srimad Bhaga‑ vatam." When the hand came again, the brahmacari did just that. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta saw the hand and chanted, "Haribol!", and the hand disappeared. He then said to the brahmacari, "No need to worry, that ghost is now delivered."






    In Vrndavana, one baba was visiting from Bengal. He was staying at one guest house (the owner of this guest house told this story). So that baba, not knowing Vrndavana too well, inquired directions from the guest house owner how to visit one temple and return. The proprietor gave him directions, but with the warning to stay off the sidestreets in a certain district he'd have to pass through.




    So that baba went on his tour, and when returning, he passed by those small, narrow side roads. From down one he heard the sweet sound of kirtan. He thought, "There is a festival of Harer Nama! It sounds ecstatic. Let me see this. After all, this is Krishna's own holy dhama ‑ what can be the harm in passing this way?"




    So he went down that street, and soon came upon a group of men and women chanting the Hare Krishna mantra to khol and karatalas. They all looked like pukka Vaishnavas. The baba happily joined in the kirtana. After some time they offered him a place to sit for honoring prasad, but he told that he had to return. So they rolled prasad into a bananna leave and gave him.




    He arrived at the guest house in ecstacy. "It was wonderful!" he began telling that proprietor. "I went down your forbidden narrow street on my way back here, and saw the most wonderful harer nama kirtan festival. And just see ‑ they've given nice prasad!" He unrolled the leave ‑ there was only hunks of raw meat inside.



  14. Prabhupada: “Sukadeva Gosvami continued speaking to Maharaja Parikshit: My dear King, the King of Konka, Venka and Kutaka whose name was Arhat, heard of the activities of Rishabhadeva and, imitating Rishabhadeva's principles, introduced a new system of religion. Taking advantage of Kali-yuga, the age of sinful activity, King Arhat, being bewildered, gave up the Vedic principles, which are free from risk, and concocted a new system of religion opposed to the Vedas. That was the beginning of the Jain dharma. Many other so-called religions followed this atheistic system”.


    Prabhupada: “So anyway, here the point is that in any religion there is a conception of worshiping God or symbol of God. Even in Jain philosophy they also worship Mahavira. In Buddha philosophy they worship Lord Buddha. In India there is Jainism. That is almost like Buddhism. They have got also exactly the same process of worship. Temples they have got. Big, nice, costly temples they have got. And they come to see, visit the temple, offer their worshipful offerings, flowers, fruits, everything. Same thing.”


    Prabhupada: “The Bhagavata, each line is full of philosophy, each line, practical philosophy. But there is acyuta-bhava, Krishna, Krishna consciousness. That is the beauty. Bhagavad-gita, it is full of philosophy, but there is Krishna in the center. This philosophy's not dry. Other philosophies, they're simply dry, because that is without Krishna. In the... You'll find Buddha philosophy or Mayavada philosophy or Jain philosophy, they're philosophy, but simply dry. There is no God consciousness. There is no Krishna consciousness.”


    Prabhupada: “So take Caitanya Mahaprabhu's first mercy, and then preach Krishna consciousness. You'll be successful. It is not possible nowadays to imitate Rishabhadeva. Just like the Jains, they imitate that. What their imitation...? Not a single Jain up till now has become perfectly in the renounced order of life. So they say so. It was imitated by one king in the South India, and he is the originator, propounder of the Jainism. They say. But you cannot imitate Rishabhadeva. That is not possible in this age. Better try to follow the instruction of Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Krishna. Your life will be perfect.

    Thank you very much. (end)”

    Srimad-Bhagavatam 5.5.31 Vrindavana, November 18, 1976


    Prabhupada: “The other day we saw that Susila Muni. Susila Munis, they are Jains. According to Jain philosophy, they should..., they do not use any vehicle from going this place to another place. They will go by walking. That is their principle. But we are not following that principle. We are preaching Krishna consciousness... Suppose if I have to come to your country, and if I say, "I will go by walking." (laughter) Then my life will be finished (laughter) before preaching. We are intelligent. Now we have got this aeroplane. Take advantage of and go in three hours to America, speedy. That is our policy.”


    Prabhupada: “A sannyasi is supposed to walk. But if somebody criticizes, "Sir, why you are flying on airplane?" no, that is our not principle. The Jain sannyasis, they never use cars. Now they have begun. Because I am traveling all over the world, now the Jains, they are also. (laughter) But our philosophy is different. We are preaching Krishna consciousness. Suppose I have to preach Krishna consciousness in Europe or America. So because a sannyasi has to walk, therefore I shall walk throughout the whole life to go to America? This is foolishness. If I can go to America within fifteen hours for preaching facility, why shall not I use the aeroplane? Why shall I stick... It is called niyamagraha, "without any profit," to follow the regulative principle without any profit. No. If we get opportunity, preaching facilities for going on car, on airplane, using typewriter, dictaphone, microphone, we must use it. Because this is Krishna's property, it must be used for Krishna. This is our philosophy. This microphone is Krishna's. Isavasyam idam sarvam [iso mantra 1]. So when it is used for Krishna it is not material; it is spiritual.”



    Prabhupada: “We are in such a position that in every step there is sinful activity, every step. This world is so made. Just like nonviolence. Nonviolence, the Buddhist philosophy, the Jain philosophy, they advocate nonviolence. But how one can be nonviolent? We are walking on the street, there are so many ants and small germs, they are being killed. We are breathing, so many animals are being killed. We are drinking water, so many animals are being killed. How it is possible to become nonviolence? It is not possible. Therefore in every step we have to act in Krishna consciousness, or God consciousness. Then there is indemnity from the sinful activities. That is recommended in the Bhagavad-gita, that yajnarthat karmano 'nyatra loko 'yam karma-bandhanah [bg. 3.9]. Unless you act in Krishna consciousness, or God consciousness, or as ordered by Krishna, or God, then you become bound up by the reaction.”


    Giriraja: His father is associated with Bhogilal. He's a sharebroker but he's also a director in some of Bhogilal's company.

    Prabhupada: That Jain?

    Giriraja: Yes.

    Prabhupada: Shah's are mostly Jain. Jains are useless.

    Giriraja: Oh yes. The father is useless. Every few sentences the father would start to break in with some speculation and the son would say, "Please be quiet. I want to hear." (end)


    Prabhupada: “While traveling in South India, through the provinces of Karnata, Konka, Venka and Kutaka, Lord Rishabhadeva arrived in the neighborhood of Kutakacala. Suddenly there was a forest fire that burned the forest and Lord Rishabhadeva's body to ashes. The pastimes of Lord Rishabhadeva as a liberated soul were known by the King of Konka, Venka and Kutaka. This King's name was Arhat. He later became captivated by the illusory energy, and in this condition he set forth the basic principles of Jainism. Lord Rishabhadeva set forth the principles of religion that can free one from material bondage, and He put an end to all kinds of atheistic activities. On this earth, the place known as Bharata-varsha was a very pious land because the Supreme Lord appeared there when He wanted to incarnate.”


    Prabhupada: Yes. Lord Buddha was patronized by the then emperor, Ashoka. And anything patronized by the state, it becomes very popular. Yad yad acarati sreshthah lokas tad anuvartate [bg. 3.21]. So Lord Buddha converted Ashoka, Emperor Ashoka, to this religion. Therefore whole India became Buddhist. And later on, when Buddhism was driven out of India, the Jainism and similar other religious principles became visible. Ahimsa paramo dharmah. Lord Buddha... Ahimsa paramo dharmah is also Vedic religion, but they stressed especially on ahimsa.



    Prabhupada: That is good. The so-called religious books, they're presenting—all bogus hodge-podge. (laughter) Humbug imagination, that's all. There is no fact. Just like Ramakrishna Mission. What religion they have got? Anyone? This religion, that religion, Jainism, Sikhism, this "ism," no nothing. Simply bogus propaganda.


    “King Vishnuvardhana converted from Jainism to Vaishnavism, as taught by Sri Ramanuja, around the time when Ramanuja publicly defeated the Jain texts.”



  15. http://leagueofdevotees.blogspot.com/


    It’s a long-standing and crucial question that, as yet, remains unanswered: just how common is scientific misconduct? In the online, open-access journal PLoS ONE, Daniele Fanelli of the University of Edinburgh reports the first meta-analysis of surveys questioning scientists about their misbehaviours. The results suggest that altering or making up data is more frequent than previously estimated and might be particularly high in medical research.


    Recent scandals like Hwang Woo-Suk’s fake stem-cell lines or Jon Sudbø’s made-up cancer trials have dramatically demonstrated that fraudulent research is very easy to publish, even in the most prestigious journals. The media and many scientists tend to explain away these cases as pathological deviations of a few “bad apples.” Common sense and increasing evidence, however, suggest that these could be just the tip of the iceberg, because fraud and other more subtle forms of misconduct might be relatively frequent. The actual numbers, however, are a matter of great controversy.


    Estimates based on indirect data (for example, official retractions of scientific papers or random data audits) have produced largely discrepant results. Therefore, many researchers have asked scientists directly, with surveys conducted in different countries and disciplines. However, they have used different methods and asked different questions, so their results also appeared inconclusive.


    To make these surveys comparable, the meta-analysis focused on behaviours that actually distort scientific knowledge (excluding data on plagiarism and other kinds of malpractice) and extracted the frequency of scientists who recalled having committed a particular behaviour at least once, or who knew a colleague who did.


    On average, across the surveys, around 2% of scientists admitted they had “fabricated” (made up), “falsified” or “altered” data to “improve the outcome” at least once, and up to 34% admitted to other questionable research practices including “failing to present data that contradict one’s own previous research” and “dropping observations or data points from analyses based on a gut feeling that they were inaccurate.”


    In surveys that asked about the behaviour of colleagues, 14% knew someone who had fabricated, falsified or altered data, and up to 72% knew someone who had committed other questionable research practices.


    In both kinds of surveys, misconduct was reported most frequently by medical and pharmacological researchers. This suggests that either the latter are more open and honest in their answers, or that frauds and bias are more frequent in their fields. The latter interpretation would support growing fears that industrial sponsorship is severely distorting scientific evidence to promote commercial treatments and drugs.


    As in all surveys asking sensitive questions, it is likely that some respondents did not reply honestly, especially when asked about their own behaviour. Therefore, a frequency of 2% is probably a conservative estimate, while it remains unclear how the figure of 14% should be interpreted.





























  17. http://leagueofdevotees.blogspot.com/


    The Bhagavata Purana, commonly referred to as the Srimad Bhagavatam, is considered the ripened fruit of all Vedic knowledge. Sri Vyasa Muni, the compiler of the Vedic texts, advises us as follows:


    nigama-kalpa-taror galitam phalam

    shuka-mukhad amrita-drava-samyutam

    nigama bhagavatam rasam alayam

    muhur aho rasika bhuvi bhavukah

    "O expert and thoughtful men, relish Srimad Bhagavatam, the mature fruit of the desire tree of Vedic literatures. It emanated from the lips of Sri Shuka Muni. Therefore this fruit has become even more tasteful, although its nectarean juice was already relishable for all, including liberated souls."


    Srimad Bhagavatam is the galitam phalam, or ripened fruit, of all Vedic knowledge. It is exactly like amrita, for by hearing its recitation we can cross beyond birth and death.


    The Srimad Bhagavatam describes the various incarnations of Lord Hari, and in the process of these descriptions ten important subject matters are explained, namely sarga (the elemental creation), visarga (the secondary creation), sthanam (the planetary systems), poshanam (protection by the Lord), utayah (the creative impetus), manvantara (the periods of Manu), isha-anukatha (the science of God), nirodha (dissolution), mukti (liberation), and ashraya (the supreme shelter).


    The reciters of Srimad Bhagavatam have utilized three methods to explain these ten subjects, namely by vedic reference (shrutena), by direct explanation (arthena), and by summary explanations given by the great sages (anjasa).


    The following is a brief explanation of each of these ten subjects.


    1) Sarga - the elemental creation.


    Sarga is defined as follows:



    janma sarga udahritah


    "The elemental creation of sixteen principles of matter - namely the five gross elements (pancha-bhutas), the five objects of sense perception (tan-matras), the five knowledge acquiring senses (jnanendriyas) and the mind - is known as sarga."


    The five gross elements (pancha-bhutas) are earth, water, fire, air and ether; the five objects of sensual perception (tan-matras) are sound, form, taste, smell, and touch; and the five knowledge acquiring senses (jnanendriyas) are the eyes, ears, nose, tongue and skin. Together with the mind, these sixteen principles are created by the first purusha incarnation, Maha-Vishnu. Within these sixteen principles eight other principles exist subtly, making there a total of twenty-four principles of material existence.


    2) Visarga - the secondary creation.


    Visarga is defined as follows:


    brahmano guna-vaishamyad

    visargah paurushah smritah


    "The secondary creation by Brahma carried out through the interaction of the three modes of nature is known as visarga."


    By manipulating the sixteen original principles of material existence and by the interaction of the three modes of material nature (sattva, rajas and tamas), Lord Brahma carries out a subsequent creation, more properly described as an assembling of universal ingredients.


    3) Sthanam - the planetary systems.


    Sthanam is defined as follows:


    sthitir vaikuntha-vijayah


    "The true situation (sthanam) is the realm of Vaikuntha."


    The entire creation by the Lord is to enable the conditioned souls to satisfy their material desire to lord over the material energy. As such, according to their desires, the Lord creates a suitable situation (sthanam) for them to dwell in. Within the universe, these situations can be divided into fourteen main categories, known technically as bhuvanas, or planetary systems, and 8,400,000 sub-categories, commonly known as species of life. From the topmost sthanam of Brahma-loka (the abode of Lord Brahma) down to the lowest sthanam of Patala-loka, all situations are destructible. In every situation the conditioned living entity is conquered by birth and death. Only by attaining to our eternal constitutional situation in the spiritual realm of Vaikuntha can we conquer the birth and death of this material world. Thus the true sthanam of the living entity is the realm of Vaikuntha. All other temporary situations within this material world cause one to become a victim of material suffering, simply shifting from one situation to the next.


    4) Poshanam - protection by the Lord.


    Poshanam is defined as follows:


    poshanam tad anugrahah


    "Protection (poshanam) is the causless mercy of the Lord."


    Poshanam can be defined in two ways according to the mentality of the living entity. For the conditioned souls, poshanam refers to material maintenance. It is the Lord who fulfills the desires of all living entities:


    nityo nityanam chetanash chetananam

    eko bahunam yo vidadhati kaman


    "The supreme eternal among all eternals, the supremely conscious among all the conscious living entities - it is that supreme one among the many who fufills the desires of all."


    For the devotees of the Lord, poshanam refers to the Lord's causeless mercy and protection. Protection from hunger is the lowest form of protection, which the Lord offers to the conditioned living entities. For the devotees, the Lord's protection is protection from the illusion of maya. The Lord gives the devotee the strength to always remember Him and engage in His devotional service.


    5) Utayah - the creative impetus.


    Utayah is defined as follows:


    utayah karma-vasanah


    "The impetus for activity (utayah) is the desire for fruitive work."


    The conditioned soul forgets that the Lord is his eternal protector and maintainer, and thus an impetus for fruitive activity is manifested for one's self maintenance. This desire for fruitive activity is the driving force behind all work within this material world. The karma-vasanas are the accumulated residue of one's previous activities. Every material activity we perform creates a residual impresion within our consciousness, which is carried with us life after life. The sum total of these impressions form our creative impetus to work.


    The true impetus of the living entity should be to go back to Godhead, to the supreme abode of Vaikuntha, and activities performed in that direction form the right path of work.


    6) Manvantara - the change of Manus.


    Manvantara is defined as follows:


    manvantarani sad-dharmah


    "The reign of the Manus (manvantaras) are for establishing the eternal religious principles."


    Manu is the father of mankind, the progenitor, empowered to guide the human race towards self-realization. Manu provides revealed scriptures to mankind which regulate their activities in a manner that will be for their eternal welfare. When the living entities accept such a regulated path, the Lord provides them with all protection by which they may attain their constitutional situation in Vaikuntha. Thus the desire to go back to Godhead and regulated activities performed to achieve that goal form the proper path of action.



    7) Isha-anukatha - the science of God.


    Isha-anukatha is defined as follows:



    haresh chasyanuvartinam

    pumsam isha-kathah prokta



    "The science of God (isha-anukatha) describes the incarnations of the Personality of Godhead and His different activities together with the activities of His great devotees."


    The entire material creation is for the ultimate purpose of the living entities' salvation. When the conditioned living entities utilize the creation for secondary purposes, such as material fruitive activity, the Lord incarnates to reclaim these forgetful souls. The Lord directly delivers living entities by His divine appearance as well as by its recorded history. The Supreme Lord is so potent that simpy by hearing about His transcendental activities in His various incarnations one becomes free from material bondage. Thus the topics of the Lord and His devotees, which constitute the science of God, should be given respectful aural reception.


    8) Nirodha - the disolution.


    Nirodha is defined as follows:


    nirodho 'syanushayanam

    atmanah saha shaktibhih


    "The merging of the living entity, along with his conditioned living tendency, with the mystic lying down of the Maha-Vishnu is called the winding up of the cosmic manifestation, or nirodha."


    As we have briefly mentioned before, the entire material creation offers two facilities to the conditioned living entities. The living entities may either utilize it to fulfill their desire to lord it over material nature, or they may utilize it to go back to Godhead, the spiritual abode of Vaikuntha. For the living entities who take advantage of the science of God as propagated by the Manus, and who develop a desire to act in such a regulated manner, the Lord provides them full protection from the material energy and resituates them in their proper situation in Vaikuntha. For the other living entities, who choose to disregard the science of God, the Lord gives them an interim period of relief at the time of dissolution. This temporary period of relief is technically called nirodha, or the winding up of the cosmic manifestation. All the living entities along with their conditional tendencies (vasanas) merge into the body of Maha-Vishnu to await another creation and another opportunity to take up the science of God. Though the physical bodies are given up at this time, the subtle bodies (sukshma-sariras) remain with the living entities along with their latent desires. This is indicated by the words atmanah saha shaktibhih.


    9) Mukti - liberation.


    Mukti is defined as follows:


    muktir hitvanyatha rupam

    sva-rupena vyavasthitih


    "Liberation (mukti) is the permanent situation of the form of the living entity after he gives up the changeable gross and subtle material bodies."


    Those living entities who develop a desire to act for their ultimate welfare regulate their life according to the instructions of the Manus. Such living entities receive the mercy and protection of the Lord in the form of His divine activities and incarnations, either personally or in its literary form as the science of God. By hearing the narrations of the Lord's activities these living entities are able to give up all external identification with the principles of material existence and its interaction. Such purified living entities develop their original spiritual bodies and are resituated in their constitutional position in Vaikuntha, the spiritual abode of the Lord. This is technically known as mukti or liberation. The words hitvanyatha rupam indicate that these living entities have become completely free from all material coverings including the sukshma-sarira and related vasanas. The word vyavasthitih indicates the real and eternal sthanam of the living entity - sthitir vaikuntha vijayah.


    10) Ashraya - the supreme shelter.


    Ashraya is defined in the following three verses:


    abhasash ca nirodhash ca

    yato 'sty adhyavasiyate

    sa ashrayah param brahma

    paramatmeti shabdyate


    "The supreme one who is celebrated as the Supreme Being or the Supreme Soul is the supreme source of the cosmic manifestation as well as its reservoir and winding up. Thus He is the supreme shelter, the Absolute Truth."


    yo 'dhyatmiko 'yam purushah

    so 'sav evadhidaivikah

    yas tatrobhaya-vicchedah

    purusho hy adhibhautikah

    ekam ekatarabhave

    yada nopalabhamahe

    tritayam tatra yo veda

    sa atma svashrayashrayah


    "The individual person possessing different instruments of senses is called the adhyatmic person, and the individual controlling deity of the senses is called adhidaivic. The embodiment seen on the eyeballs is called the adhibhautic person. All three of the above mentioned stages of different living entities are interdependent. In the absence of one, another is not understood. But the Supreme Being who sees every one of them as the shelter of the shelter is independent of all, and therefore He is the supreme shelter."


    The Srimad Bhagavata Purana begins with the Vedanta statement "janmady asya yathah" to bring to our attention the supreme source and shelter of all existence - the ashraya-tattva. In order to explain the transcendence of the ashraya the other nine subjects have been explained.


    In all of existence there are factually only two divisions, namely the dependent (para-tantra) and the independent (sva-tantra). The independent (svarat) refers only to that Supreme Lord invoked in the beginning of Srimad Bhagavatam by the words "om namo bhagavate vasudevaya". Sri Vyasa Muni begins by first offering his obeisances to Bhagavan Sri Krishna (Vasudeva), and then identifies Him as the absolute and independent shelter of everything - janmadyasya yathah svarat satyam param dhimahi. The transcendental Sri Krishna is that tenth subject of Srimad Bhagavatam, and in order to properly describe Him, Sri Vyasa Muni has explained the other nine subject matters.


    Studied together, these ten subject matters fully establish the Supreme personality of Godhead, Bhagavan Sri Krishna, as the transcendental Absolute Truth. The Vedanta Sutras begin by instructing us to inquire into the nature of the Absolute Truth - atatho brahma jijnasa. This Srimad Bhagavatam is the perfect companion to that inquiry, as it is the natural commentary to the Vedanta Sutras.


    Both the Vedanta Sutras and the Srimad Bhagavatam begin from the point of understanding the ultimate source of everything. Sri Vyasa Muni, the author of these two texts, begins both with the same verse: janmady asya yathah, "From whom everything emanates." But in the Srimad Bhagavatam he expands and elaborates on this very important philosophical subject in great detail:


    janmady asya yatah anvayad itaratas carthesv abhijnah svarat

    tene brahma hrda ya adi-kavaye muhyanti yat surayah

    tejo-vari-mrdam yatha vinimayo yatra tri-sargo 'mrsa

    dhamna svena sada nirasta-kuhakam satyam param dhimahi


    "I meditate upon Lord Sri Krishna because He is the Absolute Truth and the primeval cause of all causes of creation, sustenance and destruction on the manifested universes. He is directly and indirectly conscious of all manifestations, and He is independent because there is no other cause beyond Him. It is He only who first imparted the Vedic knowledge unto the heart of brahmaji, the original living being. By Him even the great sages and demigods are placed into illusion, as one is bewildered by the illusory representations of water seen in fire, or land seen on water. Only because of Him do the material universes, temporarily manifested by the reactionsof the three modes of nature, appear factual, although they are unreal. I therefore meditate upon Him, Lord Sri Krishna, who is eternally existent in the transcendental abode, which is forever free from the illusory representations of the material world. I meditate upon Him, for He is the Absolute Truth."


    Thus Srimad Bhagavatam is the key to unlock the secrets of the Vedanta Sutras. There is no literature in the world as great as this Srimad Bhagavata Purana. The transcendental narations within it give us light in this dark age of Kali yuga:


    krishne sva-dhamopagate

    dharma-jnanadibhih saha

    kalau nashta-drisham esha

    puranarko 'dhunoditah


    "This Bhagavata Purana is as brilliant as the sun, and it has arisen just after the departure of Lord Krishna to His own abode, accompanied by religion, knowledge, etc. Persons who have lost their vision due to the dense darkness of ignorance in the age of Kali shall get light from this Purana."



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