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shrImadharikathAmR^itasAra - by Sri SGP CHAR - HKAS_06-01

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namaskAra all,



we regret the brief interruption in this series, we have now resumed and publishing the 6th sandhi onwards.

thanks for bearing with us




HKAS team







paMcha mahAyaj~na saMdhi



harikathAmr^itasAra gurugaLa

karuNadiMdApanitu pELuve

parama bhagavadbhaktaridanAdaradi kELuvudu


janani pita bhU vAridAMbara

venipa paMchAgniyali nArA

yaNana triMshati mURtigaLa vyApAra vyAptigaLa

nenedu divasagaLeMba samidhega

Lanu niraMtara hOmisuta pA

vanake pAvananenipa paramana bEDu paramasukha.....HKAS_06-01


janani =mother

pita = father

bhU = Earth

vArida = clouds

aMbara = Space

enipa = so called

paMchAgniyali = five types of agni-s

nArAyaNana = mUla rUpi nArAyaNa

triMshati mURtigaLa = thirty bhagavdrUpa-s

vyApAra = kriya-s

vyAptigaLa = pervades

nenedu = remembering

divasagaLeMba = days of our life

samidhegaLanu = firewood (for yaj~na)

niraMtara = always

hOmisuta = as hOma with a sense of bhagavadbhakti

pAvanake = pure things

pAvananenipa = are purified

paramana = ParamAtma

parama sukha = mOxAnaMda

bEDu = ask for


JagannAtha dAsa explains about paMchAgni, and the meditation of bhagavadrUpa-s in those agni-s. The kindness of the Lord is the boat which helps us to cross the ocean of birth and death. Only by His kindness can we get mukti (liberation) from the bondage of kaRma and the ultimate destination of mOxa. Those sAdhaka-s desiring mukti must essentially understand about paMchAgni and meditating on the same is extremely important. JagannAtha dAsa explains about all this in the current saMdhi.


There are five substratums for paMchAgni. They are - janani (mother), pita (father), bhU (Earth), vArida (clouds) and aMbara (Space).


The jIva takes birth in different species in the sequence discussed below. Let's begin with aMbara.


1) aMbara (space) - before the jIva takes birth on the Earth, the jIva remains in the sUxma rUpa in the space which is at a lower level than the rAhumaMDala. The puNya jIva remains in that sphere of space to experience his puNya.


But as stated in Bhagavad GIta, " xINEpuNye maRtyu lOkaM vishaMti "   - as soon as the puNya is over the jIva is pushed down to the mEghamaMDala. nArAyaNa is the abhimAni for space in His mUla rUpa and the other five rUpa-s here are nArAyaNa-nArAyaNa, nArAyaNa-vAsudEva, nArAyaNa-saMkaRShaNa, nArAyaNa-pradyumna and nArAyaNa-aniruddha. Thus there are six AkAshagata agnyAMtaRgata rUpa-s of nArAyaNa.


2) vArida (clouds) - the jIva reaches the mEghamaMDala, which indeed provides water in the from of rain. This word indicates the paRjanya nAmaka sURya, because mEgha (clouds) are formed by rays of the Sun (agnigata rUpa). More explanation follows later. mEghamaMDala is the dvitiyAgni.  vAsudEva is the abhimAni for space in His mUla rUpa and the other five rUpa-s here are vAsudEva-nArAyaNa, vAsudEva- vAsudEva, vAsudEva-saMkaRShaNa, vAsudEva-pradyumna and vAsudEva-aniruddha.


3) bhU (Earth) - jIva reaches the Earth in the form of rain. Earth is the tR^itiya agni. saMkaRShaNa ParamAtma is the abhimAni for this tR^itiya agni and the other five rUpa-s here are saMkaRShaNa-nArAyaNa, saMkaRShaNa-vAsudEva, saMkaRShaNa- saMkaRShaNa, saMkaRShaNa-pradyumna and saMkaRShaNa-aniruddha.


4) pita (father) - After reaching the Earth, the jIva has the probability of reaching the where grains (like rice, wheat etc..) are grown and when a puruSha consumes that grain, the jIva would reach the semen of that person. Pita is the chatuRthAgni. pradyumna ParamAtma is the abhimAni for this chatuRthAgni and the other five rUpa-s here are pradyumna-nArAyaNa, pradyumna-vAsudEva, pradyumna-saMkaRShaNa, pradyumna- pradyumna, pradyumna-aniruddha.


5) janani (mother) - when the jIva in the semen reaches the womb of the would be mother - human being is born. aniruddha ParamAtma is the abhimAni for this yOShAgni. The other five rUpa-s here are aniruddha-nArAyaNa, aniruddha-vAsudEva, aniruddha-saMkaRShaNa, aniruddha-pradyumna and aniruddha- aniruddha.


The table below summarizes the above:-


No.    paMchAgni           Position                            bhagavadrUpa      rUpa chiMtana*

1        aMbara                 Below rAhu maMDala      nArAyaNa           nArAyaNa

          (aMbarAgni)                                                                             nArA-nArA

                                                                                                           nArA- vAsu




2        mEgha                   mEghamaMDala               vAsudEva            vAsudEva

          (paRjanyAgni)                                                                           vAsu- nArA


                                                                                                           vAsu- saMk

                                                                                                           vAsu- prad

                                                                                                           vAsu- anir

3        bhUmi                   bhUmi                              saMkaRShaNa    saMkaRShaNa

          (pR^ithvyAgni)                                                                          saMk- nArA

                                                                                                           saMk- vAsu


                                                                                                           saMk- prad

                                                                                                           saMk- anir

4        pita                        dhAnya                             pradyumna           pradyumna

          (puruShAgni)                                                                             prad- nArA


                                                                                                           prad- saMk


                                                                                                           prad- anir

5        janani                    semen                               aniruddha             aniruddha

          (yOShAgni)                                                                               anir- nArA


                                                                                                           anir- saMk

                                                                                                           anir- prad

                                                                                                           anir- anir


*nArA - nArAyaNa, vAsu - vAsudEva, saMk - saMkaRShna, prad - pradyumna and anir - aniruddha


Thus, aMbara (Space), vArida (clouds), bhU (Earth), pita (father) and janani (mother) being the paMchAgni-s, ParamAtma pervades there in the mUla rUpa-s i.e. nArAyaNa, vasudEva, saMkaRShaNa, pradyumna and vAsudEva and their related names respectively. Thus pervading with 6 names in each agni. Thus 5x6=30 known as triMshati (thirty). We should meditate on these thirty names.


The jIva born as a human being from the mother's womb must offer each passing day to ParamAtma as kAShTa i.e samittu for hOma for these paMchAgni-s which is indeed a process of expending our life.


Let me give some preface to this sandhi.


The entire sandhi explains the Panchaagni Vidya section of

Chandogya 5th adhyaya and bhR^ihadaranyaka [6th adhyAya, second

brahmaNa] in a very simple way for our understanding and



The *upAsana* of this vidya was done by the xatriya-s. This

Brahma Vidya was taught by a xatriya king named Pravahana Jaibali,

to a very learned Brahmin, Gautama/Aruneya.


The incident starts with the arrogant Svetaketu who goes to

the kingdom of Pravahana Jaibali and realizes that he doesn't

know the answer to the five questions of Pravahana Jaibali.


The five questions are:


1. The path the jIva-s take from this world to the next

2. The return path from that loka.

3. Divergence of the paths from that loka and its cause.

4. How the world never becoms full.

5. How in the fifth libation/offering the water gets the name " Man " .


Svetaketu's pride doesn't let him to learn from others. However,

his father Gautama desiring to learn the vidya approaches King

Pravahana and as a 'sishya' he learns it.


The point to note here is that even to such a learned/Rishi,

the knowledge is not immediately given. As per scriptures

[cf. aitareya 3.2.6/second praghaTTa #6, upasamhara] he was

made to wait before receiving the lessons!


The fifth question is taken up first and the five stages of the

jIva entering the 'body' is explained here.


Pls. see:



The upasana that is taught here is to see the pancharUpi Bhagavan

[Narayana, Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradyumna Aniruddha]present in

panchaprANA-s[Prana, Apana, vyana, udana and samana]in five

adhistana[Heaven/dyu, clouds/parjanya, earth/varsha, man/purusha

and woman/yoshha] and the five aspects of each.


Following the path of Acharya, Dasaru gives the essence of the

sandhi in the very first verse.


The point to keep in mind while reading this chapter is that

every word describes Bhagavan [when vidvatrUDi is taken], and

then it applies to Mukhyaprana and finally the devata-s/literal



For example, the first adhishtana Dyu/Svarga:


Bhagavan is called Agni[that which absorbs/imbibes/sucks in

everything or that which gives stability]. The same meaning in

the limited sense applies to all five " Agni-s " mentioned in

this sandhi. Similarly the names of these loka-s -- Dyu,

Parjanya etc., denote Bhagavan.


> " R.Parimala " <ravipari at singnet.com.sg> wrote on Friday, July 08, 2005


>> How is the  nArAyaNa rUpa different from nArAyaNa-nArAyaNa rUpa and similar

>> other such rUpa with same name but occuring twice ?


khaNDa and akhaNDa upAsana of Narayana is mentioned here. 'Seeing'

Narayana as vyApta/akhaNDa in the entire loka/adhistana and at the

same time seeing Him as khaNDa in the *aspects* of that loka.


For example, in the Dyu/Svarga adhistana, the upasana is to

meditate His niyAmakattva as Narayana pervading the entire

dyuloka *and* see the same rUpa as present/niyamaka in the

Samit[one of the aspects of that loka].


The classic example that is given in shAstra[cf. HKS 6.8

" panchanAri turaga " ] for the " khaNDa and akhaNDa " upAsana is

that of " navanArikunjara " -- a sketch of nine girls put

together as an elephant. It appears as that of nine girls

when viewed separately and as an elephant when seen in

another way.


>>>  vAsudEva is the abhimAni for **space** in His mUla rUpa and

>>> the other five rUpa-s here are vAsudEva-nArAyaNa, vAsudEva- vAsudEva,

>>> vAsudEva-saMkaRShaNa, vAsudEva-pradyumna and vAsudEva-aniruddha.


>> In the above it should be abhimaAni for clouds right?


> Yes, it was a mistake. vAsudEva is the abhimAni for **Clouds**.  My apologies

> to readers.


The abhimani for this upasana is Apana vayu and niyamaka is Vasudeva.


" Rajiv.R " <rajiv_rajalingam at > wrote:


> Namaskara,

>> nArAyaNa is the abhimAni for space in His mUla rUpa

>> and the other five


> How can the LORD have Abhimana?


Bhagavan does not have abhimAna at all.


He should never be called as " abhimAni " .


" abhimAni " refers to niyamya/appointed  meaning that it needs

someone superior to it as niyAmaka/controller.





Meera Tadipatri


> >>Moudgalya


>> Parimala


> Rajiv.R



shrI kR^iShNArpanamastu

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