Shuklam Bharatharam - Meaning in The Sri Vaishnava Forum Posted August 1, 2011 · Report reply namaste everyone. ShrI Abhinava VidyAtIrtha SwamigaL who was an earlier pontiff of the Shringeri ShAradA MaTham explains* that the term 'prasanna-vadanaM' in the shlokam refers to GaNesha because "it is the opinion of our ancestors that the term 'prasanna' includes a meaning 'elephant' among its many meanings." Orthodox VaiShNavas who rarely if ever worship GaNesha, would have none of any reference to GaNesha in this shloka. Orthodox Shaivas and smArthas on the other hand see only the reference to GaNesha because this is always the first shloka of any pUjA or dhyAna--meditation or other kind of karma--religious performance. Typically, whenever this shloka is recited, the reciter gently taps the sides of his head just over the ears with his/her knuckles. This is to let the amRutam--nectar in the shiras--brain chakra to course down the nADis. I remember to have read somewhere that the names of five Rishis are mentioned in this shloka, but I can't place the reference or remember the names of the Rishis. I vaguely know that there was a Rishi by name ViShNu, Bharata was another, but the others? Any idea? ********** Here is a connection between the phrase 'prasanna vadanaM' and GaNesha: pra = forward, to extend sad = droop, sunk vadanam = face prasanna vadanam = forward sunk face, as that of an elephant pra = forward, to extend sad = droop, sunk vadanaM = mouth prasanna vadanam = a mouth that is drooping, as that of an elephant pra = forward, to extend sana = the flapping of an elephant's ears prasanna vadanaM = extended mouth with flapping ears, so an elephant Additionally, it is amazing to note the connection of the root 'sad' with the elephant! sadAdAna = always exuding rut-fluid (as an elephant); an elephant in rut sadAmada, sadAmatta = always in rut sadAna = being in rut sadri = an elephant sajjana = caparisoning an elephant sana = the flapping of an elephant's ears GaNesha of this shloka, is thus of prasanna vadanaM = an elephant face which is bright and with flapping ears. ********** Note: *in the book titled 'sandhyAvandanam' published by shrI VidyAtIrtha Foundation, Chennai.