What is Samadhi and Mahasamadhi?


Please help spread Hinduism by
sharing these articles on facebook:

The word samadhi literally means sama and dhi – Sama means equanimous and dhi means the buddhi or intellect. If you reach that kind of equanimous state of intellect, it is known as samadhi.

The word samadhi has been largely misunderstood. People think samadhi means some death-like situation. The word samadhi literally means sama and dhi – sama means equanimous and dhi means the buddhi or intellect. If you reach that kind of equanimous state of intellect, it is known as samadhi.

The basic functioning of the intellect is always to set things apart. It is because intellect is functioning that you can discriminate cold versus warm. If you transcend the intellect you become equanimous.

When your awareness becomes perfect you are simply equanimous, you are not making a distinction – you are simply here, seeing life in its true working.

The moment you drop or transcend the intellect, discrimination cannot exist. Everything becomes one whole, which is the reality. In this state there is no time or space.

Time and space is a creation of your mind. Once you transcend the mind as a limitation, time and space doesn’t exist for you. What is here is there, what is now is then. There is no past or future for you. Everything is here in this moment.

Samadhis are of different varieties. When you are living in the body there are eight samadhis available to a human being.

Of these eight, they have been broadly categorized as savikalpa: samadhis with attributes or qualities – samadhis that are very pleasant, blissful, and ecstatic – and nirvikalpa: samadhis that are beyond pleasant and unpleasant, they are without attributes or qualities. Those who go into nirvikalpa samadhi states are always kept in protected states because their contact with the body has become very minimal.

The smallest disturbance, like a sound or a pinprick would dislodge them from their body. These states are maintained for certain periods to establish the distinction between you and the body. It is a significant step in one’s spiritual evolution, but still not the Ultimate. The samadhis by themselves have no great significance in terms of realization.

Mahasamadhi

As long as you are in the body, whatever liberation you attain, the body is a limitation. It is not complete liberation. When someone leaves their body in full awareness, then we call this mahasamadhi because he or she has shed the body.

For someone to be able to do this – taking this life and throwing it out without injuring the body – it needs tremendous energy. Mahasamadhi is a state where one willfully drops the body. The cycle is over. There is no question of rebirth, it is complete dissolution. You can say this person is truly no more.

Life just shifts from one level to another. In reality there is no such thing as death. Death exists only to one who has no awareness about life. There is only life, life, life alone. But mahasamadhi means the real end.


Previous Article:

39 comments on "What is Samadhi and Mahasamadhi?"

  1. Jeff says:

    This world is a world of illusion
    Created so you wont question who you really are
    And designed to keep you small
    Learn to meditate and dispel with the illusion
    Drop the glamour and mass materialism become aware of self
    Om Shanti Om 🕉

  2. sree says:

    Amazing !! Shows great significance of Hinduism.

  3. ramesh gupta says:

    really astonishing,some thing to be learnt in details.beside this steps for. achievement certainly easy steps are to be known,practised,faithfully.best of luck.

  4. Bijoylakshmi Das says:

    At present some Indian Gurus are misguiding young aspirants regarding the concept of SAMADHI, an esoteric discipline of YOGA. The Gurus also mislead young disciples, both girls and boys in the name of TANTRA which was not at all practised in the Vedic period. Hence it is high time to have proper grasp of the Vedic Discipline of Tantra in correct perspective. Tantra is not for enjoyment of senses; the Divine realization can never be attained by indulging in sense pleasures, it is rather to transcend the material consciousness in the light of the Divine and achieve the perfect transformation of the physical in order to be united with the Sublime Consciousness.

  5. P.N.Vaidyanathan says:

    Dear sir,

    Then what is jeeva samadhi ? could kindly explain ?

    vaidyanathan

  6. leelasastry says:

    Samadhi is a state where there is no conception or perception of the nature of duality in the sense the duality is taken as the nature of nature .

  7. anna says:

    hello, many thanks for interesting article, one question from my side, as a vipassana meditator since 20 years now, i experienced on my first course that dissolution of the body total melting of the bones and organs, it was a incredible sensation i never really experienced again does it mean that i will be liberated after my next death ?
    greetings from Paris, anna

  8. Sridhar says:

    Very well explained

  9. Venkateswaran.NR says:

    Of all different types of Samadhi, Sahaja-samadhi is what one should aspire for through systematic spiritual practice of meditation under the guidance of a capable and compassionate spiritual Master. The mind has to be thoroughly purified of all mental impressions and should become original mind of pristine purity. When there is a high-calibred spiritual guide having the capacity of Yogic-transmission, the seeker can derive tremendous spiritual benefits by following him with “Sraddah”, “Bhakti” and “Samarpana-Bhavam”.

  10. Acharya Sadananda says:

    This article itself is confusing. samatavam is equated samaadhi. vidyavinayha sampanne brahmne gavi hastini, shunischaiva swapaakecha panDitaaH sammadarshinaH| and samatvam yoga uchyate – says Krishna. A vision of oneness in spite of apparent differences is sama dRiShTi – comes from say seeing the essence of everything as nothing but Lord or the self – yo maam pasyati sarvatra, sarvancha mayi pasyati – one who sees Me everywhere and everything in Me or sarva bhuutastam aatmaanam sarva bhuutanica aatmani – one sees oneself everywhere and everything in oneself – He sees oneness that pervades everywhere. He has samadRishTi. samadhi vidyaranya explains differently in Panchadashi. For more details on can listen to talks on Spiritual Awakening – on yu-tube by Acharya Sadaji. Hari Om!

  11. shivaji says:

    IN GENERAL AND ALSO SPECIFIC TO THE QUESTION OF P VAIDYANATHAN ON JEEVA SAMADHI: The lead article explains what is based on classical literature- Over millenuims direct exprience of yogis, saints, sages and seers get added on with new terminology and somtimes altered meanings of words. For instance Mahasamadhi as I have understood means where the soul after experiencing the highest level of onness with the Bramhi state(Brahman) will not return anymore to the eath consciousness (incarnate) where in other states it can choose to come down to manifest as in an Avatara or Vibhuti i.e partial manifestaion. Jiva Samadhi may mean(not 100% sure) that a soul decides to leave the body for some unspecified reason using its will power.
    shivaji

  12. Dr. Vijai Shanker says:

    Agreed . Samadhi means no deviation from what your mind has acquired. In hindi it is : समाधि अर्थात मन की एकाग्रता , जहां मन लेशमात्र भी विचलित न हो।
    Mahaasmaadhi has been equally well defined .

  13. Joe says:

    Stateless state, abide there.

  14. Larry runningturtle salazar says:

    I love everything and anything having to do with Buddhism. Compassion. Keep them coming any and all information about this.

  15. Ramakrishna says:

    Really a very very true picture of Samadhi and Maha Samadhi…thanks…

  16. h.m. joshi says:

    the word Samadhi has been used in the bhagvad gita in its correct sense.it means a state of the mind when a person gives up all desires for personal comfort and pleasures, likes and dislikes and dedictes himself entirely to the service of god and his creation.he then becomes a friend of all beings,is full of compassion and kindness and becomes indifferent to sorrow or happiness,performs all duties assigned to him as service to god without aspiring for their fruits or reward for himself.such a person is called a sthitpragnya,a karmyogi,gyani and bhakt.once a person reaches this stage ,it lasts till he breathes his last and after his passing away,he merges with the absolute and is liberated from the cycle of death and birth.the Samadhi described by sage patanjali in yogstras is the highest stage of meditation which can last only for an hour or so.it is said that some yogis get themselves buried while they are actually alive in this stage of concentration.then they are said to have taken jivant Samadhi.sant gyaneshwar of Maharashtra is said to nave taken such a Samadhi.sahaj Samadhi is like the Samadhi described in gita,when a person in his lifetime becomes so immersed in god that he sees god every where and in every one and loves and serves all creatures as forms of god.as sant kabirdas says what ever he does is service and puja of god,when he walks,it becomes prikrama,such a person becomes one with brahma,the absolute,even in his life time.

  17. Nathalie-Claire Bourdais says:

    Hum….Happy new year and Hannuka blessing lights!
    For some decades I got in contact and actively involved with Buddhists of all obédiences and culturally diverses as well as practices and believes originated in the Indian Sub-continent.
    However I still don’t feel that the thousands of people I connected with in that sort of “atmospheres” where more “awaken” or alived with authentic presences than my fellow atheists,jewish,muslems or christians surrouding!!!!!!!!!
    What’s happening with the free investigations and inventions that could be done….to discover more about who we are as humans and all what we are not developing at all,functions of the brain and body that are still latent,undeveloped,because of pre-established believes explanations of what this phenomenon is or is not…..
    Some people get out of their body
    One way or an other…and see themself from above..even fligh to some..place….and came back….so what?????
    Can they bring back with them some GENIAL INVENTIONS or SO MUCH LOVE OR POWERS…..to transform our earth in PARADISE or at least EVERYONE FEEDED AND NOT ABUSED??????????
    What sanctity is usefull for?????
    If the billions of high SUFFER still augmenting daily all around? ???
    WE MUST GET IT ALL WRONG IN ALL OUR PRACTICES..AND MILLENIUMS OF SPIRITUAL ENLIGHTMENTS!!!!
    IM READY TO INVENT IT ALL AGAIN! !!!!
    WITH NO PAST OR PRESENT GURUS! NO FUTURES ONE EITHER….!IT DOSE NOT SEAMS TO BE THE WAY TO FOLLOW!!!!!!!
    Or maybe yes…if all the teachers or wiser beings could work it out TOGETHER.and stop compeeting for CUSTOMERS!
    Happy new year 2017 again and I hoppe always that one day someone curious enough would like to know about my inventions or discoveries….Best wishes…Nathalie

  18. V.V.S.Avadhani says:

    liked the post immensely.

  19. Ch. venkateswarlu says:

    The article Samadhi and Mahasamadhi is really awakened the minds .Such simple explanation of both the words completely refresh the ignorant”s mind.
    Thanks to the writer as well as India Devine

  20. utsab das says:

    it is correct views.mahasamadhi is the process through samadhi.it is secretive method of own self snd achived through blessing of god it self

  21. Brigadier S Sivaraman says:

    I am a very materialistic person who got interested in this subject more by chance than by intent. Being from the army Background and pretty old, I will like to look at this subject from a realistic and pragmatic point of view. May I continue in this group. Maybe some of the goodness will rub out on me.

    Thank you
    Brigadier S sivaraman

  22. Iyer says:

    \
    How many of those who have written above, have really experienced or reached any level, to talk about it. iF a person has experienced samadhi he cannot really express the experience, it is beyond words. He wont find words to express his experience. Intellectual analysis really do not convey anything.

  23. SRIDHARAN says:

    I GO WITH IYER….KANDAVAR MEENDILAR MEENDAVAR KANDILAR..TAMIL SAYING..IE. THOSE WHO HAVE REACHED ULTIMATE LEVEL CANNOT EXPLAIN THEIR EXPERIENCES AND STATE OF MIND….WE CAN UNDERSTAND TO OUR LEVEL FROM THE SAYING OF AVATARS….

  24. Rajneesh Sharma says:

    If I can not narrate the experience ,if I cannot Express what I have gone through, while being in Samadhi and if I cannot communicate to others the advantage of Samadhi and mahasamadhi what good is this for.
    If I cannot change the life of others if I cannot help others achieve something what good is all this for if somebody could explain me this.
    Somebody rightly asked in the above comments if we cannot bring Paradise to earth to our planet what good is all this for.

    I will be obliged if somebody could explain me or could impact my thought process I will be obliged thanks regards Rajniish

  25. Uday shankar choudhary. says:

    Samadhi has been explained in many religious books, experience of great saints but what I have realised by practising and fixing your heart, without carried away by your mind or feeling. Fixing yourself as in god, looking the things which is happening around you or anything you want to know about, but definately absolutely alloof of the happenings, at that time a person is in a state of third person observing the happenings is a state of Dhyan, and absolutely in a state of निर्विकार भाव of his own मन ( जीव and आत्मा ) together is a condition of Samadhi. It can happen at any place even in a croweded place.
    I can say such things by my own experience. I don’t know others may agree it or not but by this process i have experienced it. Suggestions are welcome.

  26. Srinivasan Sarangachari Chari says:

    Maha Samadi is a True Wisdom. The soul Leaves the body and ditached from this material world to higher concentration.

  27. KANTUN DANANJAYA says:

    Samadhi is an effort of self-control to maintain a balance between internal and external human factors, resulting in harmony in keeping the human relationship with God, man’s relation to man and man’s relationship with the environment. All three are necessary in the relationship is back by how to speak a good word, correct thinking and actions are always put the good of the hope of creating peace, tranquility and harmony. Come on … from now

  28. Selvi M G says:

    Can these states be proved scientifically.
    Kindly explain.
    thanks

  29. PREMJI BHANUSHALI says:

    great post. wish references of the authority or the scriptures were given in the article so that authencity of the interpretations and explanations would be clear.

  30. Dr.vijayaraghavan says:

    very good

  31. Jayasree says:

    Thank you. Well explained

  32. Neeraj Shah says:

    Great article. Small confusion though – does it say that Mahasamadhi is the only way to attain Moksha ? Also it states that “Samadhis by themselves have no great significance in terms of realization” ??? I thought in Samadhi you happen to realize your spirit in full. i.e. I mean you traverse within your Sukshma Shareer as well as Karan Shareer and attain the Soul and enjoy its various attributes qualities making oneness with the Param Tatva Paramatma the Supreme Nature. How come there is no great significance on realization in Samadhi ? Please explain. Om Namo Narayanay, Neeraj, London

  33. Shoban Siva Shankar says:

    Father has no ears, but hears.
    Father has no mouth, but speaks.
    Father has no tongue, but tastes fruits, etc.
    Father has no eyes, but sees.
    Father has no hands, but works
    ************************
    I am not waiting for a call from anyone. I am only waiting for God’s call.

  34. Sridhar says:

    Samadhi – is the higher level of meditation, where the yogi don’t feel the panchendriyas, but the yogi have the inner-conscious with stable state without feeling anything, it’s difficult to explain unless one realise it. In this stage no time and no sensations, it will lasts from hours to days.
    Jeeva samadhi – as describted by others buried with body, but not seperated or leaving the body. This can be performed by yogis to override the fate/death or get rid of the karmas to aviod the incarnations.
    Mahasamadhi – The end of the yogic practice to attain the stage of the no birth and no death stage, binding with the paramatma, but which may or may not be the moksha. Depends on the yogis will it will be moksha else becoming as prakrutiyalu(ruler of part of the universe).

  35. R P Naidu says:

    Exelieant

  36. K.S.V.SATYANARAYANA SETTY says:

    Sir,
    In the word “Sankalpa and Vikalpa”.
    There is a state of Nir-Vikalpa (samadhi) which is said to be heighest state.
    But why not there Nir-Sankalpa.
    I want to know why ‘NIR’ added to Vikalpa, but why not added to Sankalpa. Please explain.

  37. Kapardi says:

    Sorry to see that the derivation of समाधि is wrong. It is shown as सम (equanimous)+धीः (intellect). Indeed, it should have been, सम्+आ+धा (<–धि)= equanimity is acquired after controlling the inner sense – mind = samaadhi.

  38. Rajah Amarnath says:

    Most of the observation recorded are only intellectual prognosis of what has been heard or read. These create a barrier in a seeker due to assumptions and presumptions. The true yardstick can never be based on experiential incidence because it becomes an objective phenomenon . Samadhi is totally subjective in reality

  39. Om Shanti says:

    Om Shanti, Paramatma Swaruupe’ Pranam!- Salutations to diverse manifestations of one Reality, Supreme Consciousness-The Almighty- Brahman! I am a simple yoga practitioner​, hale and hearty at seventy. I share my practical experience in all sincerity. Due to unusual intertwining of Bhakti (devotion) and jnana (spiritual knowledge) discourses along with yogasana-s by my Yogacharya, I got interested in tatvajnana seriously, tanscended likes and dislikes about tastes, flavours, fragrances, comforts, became truly desireless, (though I am head of the well to do family, I don’t know what is served in my bowl till I open my eyes for food intake). My sadhana is, 1) when amidst the worldly ineractions, to be confined to ‘sakshibuta’ (witness roll in both odds of pleasures and pains), and 2) when in absolute solitude, just feeling​ formless, nameless un manifest Consciousness. Lo, what a beautiful state I came to! It’s blissful, bubbling even in adverse worldly matters. Till now, I didn’t have real meditation experience. I am boldly declaring to my colleagues that, ‘ My full conviction and understanding about my Deathlessness is the root cause for the present blissful state! Do I need any sort of meditation any more? That too if that meditation does not help serving mankind by extra measure in any way!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Ayurveda, Yoga, Meditation,
and Natural Healing.
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Ayurveda, Yoga, Meditation,
and Natural Healing.
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
No thanks... Close this
Keep up to date with our activities at FoodRelief.org.
Receive our monthly email newsletter.
No thanks... Close this
Keep up to date with our activities at the Ashram.
Receive our monthly email newsletter.
No thanks... Close this
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Interesting and Amazing articles
from around the Internet
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
No thanks... Close this
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
No thanks... Close this
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
No thanks... Close this
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
Please subscribe to access this content:
No thanks... Close this
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
No thanks... Close this
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
No thanks... Close this
Sign up for our FREE daily email newsletter on
Hinduism, Yoga, Meditation,
Ayurveda and Natural Healing.
Or enter your email below for free access:
Access instantly with Facebook or Google
f
f

Receive our free daily email newsletter on Hinduism, Yoga, meditation, Ayurveda and Natural Healing.

Your Email (required)